Training in the construction of a closed winter shelter, the sequence of construction of a winter shelter.

Winter is not the best season. As one famous character said, in such weather they sit at home and watch TV. However, snow and frost are not a hindrance for an obsessed person. Simple winter outings in nature, even without clearly expressed goals, have their own expediency. First of all, in order to work out basic field skills, for example, in building a closed winter shelter. 

Training in building a closed winter shelter, sequence of building a winter shelter.

Still, winter is the best period for training in a campfire. Indeed, in the summer land any child who can strike matches can breed him. But competently choose and prepare a place, cook a kindling, light it and bring a fire to a state of sustainable burning, when the whole earth is snowed around, and the frozen air takes the last crumbs of heat from smoldering branches, this can only be done by an experienced and trained person. But if you learn how to do it confidently, you can be calm in the summer; no bad weather will prevent you.


The closed winter shelter has a length of about 5 meters, a height of 1.8-2 meters and a width of 2.1-2.3 meters. The location chosen for installation must be level and meet general safety requirements. Previously, snow is evenly poured and compacted on it. The height of the embankment should be about 30-40 centimeters. This is done so that the entrance, which is equipped from the side of one of the ends, is below the floor level. In this case, the shelter will not be blown even when the wind direction changes, and heated air will linger in it..

Then a layer of fir spruce branches is laid on the embankment. This operation must be treated with particular care. The thickness of the layer of spruce branches in a compressed state (that is, when a person is lying on it) should be at least 7-10 centimeters. The shelters of the shelter are set according to the hut scheme. The frame is based on poles with a length of 2.3-2.5 meters and a diameter of 3-5 centimeters, mounted obliquely every 70-80 centimeters. From above, their ends are connected by a rope between themselves and a horizontal pole with a ridge.

After installing the slanted poles, the walls of the winter shelter are battered with horizontal slabs with a diameter of 2-3 centimeters, which are laid every 30-50 centimeters. Bandaging of the frame is carried out with a sling using the Python node. At the same time, however, in our practice almost all the available stock of slings was used. The ends are made in the form of an apse. Their installation and dressing are completely similar to the installation and dressing of slopes.

An entrance is equipped from one of the ends of the winter shelter. After installing the shelter frame, a roof is laid on it. It is made from spruce spruce branches or dry grass. Lapnik is stacked in layers from bottom to top, with overlapping layers. The thickness of the roof should be 2-3 centimeters. Then, over the roof for masking and warming, the winter shelter is covered with snow. Entrance to the shelter at night is closed with a backpack or a raincoat curtained tent.

Safety measures for winter nights.

Winter nights at low temperatures in an illiterate shelter or with poor-quality (incorrectly selected) equipment can lead to serious consequences for your health, including irreversible ones. Therefore, I strongly advise you until you have gained the necessary experience:

Do not experiment if the street is below minus 10 degrees.
The first exits for training in the staging of a winter shelter should be carried out close to someone’s heated cottage or home, where you can move in a critical situation at any time.
Always organize night shifts and do not sleep at the same time..

Based on materials from the book Stalker Handbook. Alphabet of survival.
Vadim Chernobrov.

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