Most small animals are easier to trap than to kill at a distance using improvised means. A small animal is a very small target and, moreover, it is very easy to find shelter in case of danger. The use of simple traps requires less experience and leaves time to search and get other types of food..
Traps for catching small animals, efficiency, the choice of place for installation, setting and masking traps.
All types of traps by the principle of action can be very conditionally divided into: shock, asphyxiating and immobilizing. Moreover, each of these species has many varieties and options. And some traps can combine several of these principles. Each animal has its own habits and habits, therefore it is necessary to possess at least minimal knowledge and skills on the construction of several different types and types of traps. One type will not work, so you need to make and apply another. In this case, everything is comprehended by trial and error..
Moreover, many existing types of ingenious traps with a complex mechanism of action, the device of which will require a lot of time, materials and physical effort, are not always suitable for a person in an emergency or emergency. He will need the simplest traps, the design of which is easy to remember and easy to make from the available natural material or stocks from his set of survival. If you have one with you, of course.
The simplest loop traps are made of wire. It is easier to maintain the shape of the loop in the form of a circle when it is suspended. However, a thick fishing line with a diameter of 0.8-1.0 mm, and an ordinary rope, is quite suitable, here everything will depend only on personal skills. For the manufacture of more complex traps using wood, the choice of material is very important. Do not use dead or lying tree branches.
For the manufacture of traps you need strong, elastic and springy wood. For example, a nut is very good, it is easy to cut and maintains elasticity and strength for a long time. Choosing places to set traps requires a careful approach. For example, a natural narrowing of the animal trail, where the animal will be forced to go to a certain place, will be a good place to set a trap. Or where the animal will have to pass under some kind of obstacle.
When installing and configuring a trap, try to follow these simple rules..
1. Make all preliminary preparations away from the place of the proposed installation of the trap and eliminate as much as possible all traces of your stay at the place of its installation.
2. When equipping and setting up traps, try not to leave your smell on them, if possible, then work with gloves. Better yet, pre-smoke all the components of the trap in the smoke of a bonfire. This will mask your smell well. Animals fear open fire but smell smoke.
3. Carefully mask the trap. Paint freshly cut wooden surfaces with soil or dirt, cover the loop on the ground, as naturally as possible, with surrounding debris, etc..
4. Pre-test the strength trap in advance so that the captured animal in attempts to break out cannot break it.
To be effective, the trap must be configured very sensitively, which is why it can work by accident. For each trap with prey there will be a few empty ones, this is normal and not a reason for frustration, and does not always mean that you are doing something wrong. If the trap didn’t work, and the bait is absent or there are traces of the animal staying near it, then this is a clear sign that the bait was not securely fastened and the trigger mechanism of the trap was not set correctly.
Initially, when there is no special experience yet, set the maximum possible number of traps in the place of your stay. The more you do and set traps, the more experience, the higher the chance of luck. And then even during the trekking crossings, a few simple traps set up at night can become productive and provide you with much-needed animal food.
Trap checking should be regular, for example at sunrise and sunset. Failure to comply with this condition will increase the likelihood that some predator will steal your prey or that the prey itself can be released from captivity. If necessary, remove and rearrange traps that are constantly unproductive.