After cutting, a person usually instinctively presses a wound to stop bleeding and relieve pain. If you raise the injured part of the body higher, the pain will decrease, as the pressure in the blood vessels will decrease. If the wound is serious (wide or deep), the very first aid and its treatment are exactly the same.
Treatment of wounds and abrasions, what to do with a foreign body in the wound, first aid.
If possible, attach a gauze napkin or other tissue to the wound to prevent infection and avoid contact with another person’s blood. However, if the bleeding is very severe, the wound treatment will wait. Do not waste time looking for a bandage. The main thing is to quickly stop the loss of blood.
Press the wound through a sterile or at least clean dressing, preferably thick. It can be made from napkins, sheets, etc. It is better if the victim himself can squeeze the wound, because he will apply pressure more adequately.
Help the victim relax. It’s best to lie down. If he feels weak and dizzy, raise his legs slightly. Secure the bandage with bandages or a folded scarf. If there are no bandages, use a stocking or other long strip of fabric..
Check the color of your fingertips to see if the bandage is too tight. If the skin on the injured side appears bluish, white or spotty, the bandage should be loosened. After dressing, make sure that the bleeding is stopped. If blood flows, replace the dressing..
Do not make a second dressing over the first, this treatment of the wound will reduce the pressure on it. In case of injury to the forearm or hand, wound treatment ends with the application of a fixing bandage to support the arm and relieve pain.
Foreign body in a wound, what to do, wound treatment and first aid.
If there is a foreign body in the wound (a glass fragment, a piece of metal, a sliver), gently push around it to stop the bleeding. Make a bandage around or on either side of the wound. Do not remove a foreign body on your own, as it can inhibit bleeding.
Fix the bandage with a bandage eight or a kerchief bandage around a foreign body. If your leg is injured, carefully lift it by placing a pillow or folded blanket over it. If there is an injury on the forearm or on the hand, make a bandage.
Seek medical attention as soon as possible since the foreign body must be removed with extreme care to avoid the resumption of bleeding and further tissue damage. The foreign body significantly increases the risk of infection, therefore, appropriate professional treatment of the wound.
Abrasions, abrasion treatment, first aid.
With abrasion, the outer and other layers of the skin are torn off, superficial blood vessels are damaged, nerve endings and underlying tissues are exposed. Abrasions can be extremely painful and, depending on the circumstances of the injury, contaminated and infected..
If there is no serious damage or severe bleeding, carefully wash the injured area with warm water and soap. If the abrasion is on the arm or leg, then it can be immersed briefly in warm water to soften before removing dirt.
Blot the cleaned abrasion with clean paper or sterile gauze. If it continues to bleed, firmly press this spot through the tissue for several minutes.
If removing dirt particles is too painful, consult a doctor but avoid scars. Cover the abrasion with a bactericidal patch so that the adhesive areas are on the intact skin. If the abrasion is extensive, attach a sterile, non-stick wipe, securing it with a band-aid.
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.