Probably the biggest interest and excitement among lovers of machine guns and machine guns Kalashnikov cause special versions of this legendary weapon. These most often include samples that have trims for night-time devices. Or, as they are more often called, night vision devices (NVD).
Trims for night vision devices on 7.62 mm AKN, AKML, AKMN and AKMSN automatic devices, device and placement features on the machine, overview.
Such AK assault rifles and RPK machine guns have always stood out from the total mass due to their rarity. At the moment, there is no final understanding of how to correctly name AK and PKK with slats for night devices. Since the special index “L” or “H” was added to standard abbreviations only if a particular optical device was actually installed on the weapon.
If NVD was absent, the weapon was called the standard abbreviation by default. Without considering what level it is equipped with. The release of special versions of AK and RPK was established at the facilities of IZHMASH (for machine guns) and VPMZ “Hammer” (for light machine guns). TOZ never made automatic machines with slats. As well as full-size machines with folding stocks.
The first automatic carriers to carry special slats were clumsy lightweight AK guns (hereinafter AKN). The earliest met machine gun dates back to 1957. Its bar (Fig. 1) was a dovetail seat under the NSP-2 bracket and was mounted on the left side of the receiver with five rivets (1).
In the lower part of the strip, the number of the device (2) was applied, which was assigned to this machine. There is an opinion that there were folding AKC assault rifles with a similar level. But to meet those for all the time of research failed.
AKML assault rifles with the NSP-3 night shooting sight.
Then came the modernized AKM assault rifles with the NSP-3 device (hereinafter AKML). At the design stage, the complex as part of the device NSP-3 had the symbol “Laurus”. Therefore, all weapons used in conjunction with this scope received the index “L”.
Since 1960, AKML assault rifles have been launched into the series, having received strips for night vision devices and night sights (Fig. 2), similar to the strips from AKN. However, already in the same 1960, the trims were structurally redesigned (Fig. 3). They were made two-part. Now they consisted of a base, which was riveted to the receiver of the machine, and directly planks with a dovetail connector. It was attached to the base with three screws (3) and centered with five studs (4).
These slats were installed on AKML assault rifles until 1966 and were designed to install the NSP-3 sight. At the initial stage, there was the practice of installing on AKM and older sights NSP-2. But in most cases it was NSP-3.
Names of Kalashnikov assault rifles and machine guns in accordance with the used night sights and trims for their fastening. Compiled by Pavel Ptitsin.
Trims on AKMN assault rifles with a night shooting sight of NSPU.
Since 1967, the machine was adapted for installing the NSPU sight, which affected the bar design (Fig. 4-5). The dovetail connector was shifted forward relative to the previous model. Also on the new bar there was a central sample (5) for fixing the sight of the NSPU. But the bar itself was universal, allowing you to install the old NSP-3.
This is exactly the case when one machine gun could have a double designation depending on the sight used. We will arbitrarily call automata with this universal AKMN bracket. Although, with the NSP-3 sight set on the same level, the machine will have the designation AKML. With the NSP-3 device, the weapon was additionally equipped with a slotted flame arrester. Diffusing flames when fired, to less illuminate a working device.
For all the years of production, differences in universal planks can be considered the abolition of a special groove in the area of the rear rivet in the early 70s of the XX century (6). In this connection, the reciprocal cutout on the lids of the receiver ceased to be performed. One of the locking pins (7) was also shifted down. Otherwise, this bar remained unchanged until the AKMN was removed from production.
Foldable AKMSN assault rifles with NSPU night rifle scope.
Folding AKMSs appeared two years after awkward AKMs. And the AKMS option with a bracket for optics – even later. The earliest of them was dated 1969. The slats of these automatic devices (Fig. 6) were taken even further (8) than AKMN and also allowed the installation of both NSP-3 sights (AKMSL) and NSPU sights. Weapons with the device NSPU will be called AKMSN in the future.
On the samples of AKMSN submachine guns of 1970, the locking pin (9) is displaced from the right to the left side relative to the screw connecting the bar to the base. In all other years of production, this pin was located on the right..
All the above-mentioned trims had engraved or stuffed numbers (10) of those sights, which were assigned to specific guns. Places of application of numbers were mostly uniform. But in rare cases, AKMSN machines could have a lower location.
Based on the materials of the magazine Arms.