Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The axes are a tool that provides a very virile and primitive vibration and are considered instruments of great survival. However, there has been a long dispute over whether machetes or axes are better to survive. As such, machetes work best in the jungle when it comes to cutting vines and vines, also being quite light and flexible. However, the different types of axes discussed below may have more purposes and can be used to cut thicker materials and hardwood.

You can not fall a tree with a machete, but you can do it with the right ax.

Ax of models according to their head shape.

The axes are different from each other, and one of the most important characteristics that differentiates them is the shape of their head.

The cutting ax

The cutting axis has a very thin profile, which is the best when it comes to fulfilling its purpose. The thin blade has the ability to print the greatest strength, and then cut through the wood competently. This cutting axis can be used for all kinds of purposes that make it useful to excel in wood without much friction.

Consider this type of ax for things like cutting fire logs or building a log cabin. It can even be used to tear down whole trees.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The cutting ax is also known as the felling ax, and its characteristics can be summarized as follows:

  • Sharp blade.
  • A little thin
  • Conical head
  • Heads of average weight of around 3 pounds.
  • Handle of average length of approximately 32 inches.
  • Swings easily.
  • Fairly flexible.

It’s great for:

  • Cut through wood grain.
  • Cutting deeply.
  • Cutting the stumps
  • Cutting branches from the trees.
  • Cutting even the harshest barks.

All these characteristics are specific to all types of logging axes, but there are also different models that can be included in this category, each with its own style or design, such as the most appreciated Michigan or Dayton ax.

The division ax

The division axis has a wider profile, which makes it more difficult to use as a cutting instrument. Because it is so wide, it could not possibly print much force to cut deep into a record, for example. On the other hand, its blade is perfect to divide into wood, because it does not cut the grain of the wood, but it divides its fibers.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

If you do not have a cutting ax at hand, you can try to use a split ax for cutting purposes, but you will have a harder time doing it, as each cut will be quite shallow. Basically, you can say that you will have your job ahead.

The main characteristics of a division ax (which is also known as a division maul) are:

  • Heavier head of approximately 7 pounds.
  • Wedge-shaped head
  • Straight handle
  • Wide back
  • It requires a competent user, not a beginner.
  • More difficult to manage.

Given the characteristics listed above, the division maul:

  • Cut the trunks along their fibers, vertically.
  • Allow a stronger blow.
  • Prevent the ax from getting stuck.
  • Being able to break through deeper and deeper after the first blow.
  • It works like a hammer for another jammed maul because of its wide rear.

The ax that forms

The two previous models of the shaft have a sharp knife curve, which does not allow them to touch the wood on more than a very small surface. Whether cutting the wood horizontally or dividing it vertically, the purpose of the previous models is to penetrate the wood.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

On the other hand, a modeling ax does not have a sharp knife curve, but a flat curve. Instead of making the deep cut, the curve of the flat bit makes it quite uniform. Take the example of the wide shaft that is perfect for cutting a uniform section of a log, whenever you place it on the wood you want to mold and slide it carefully.

The shape of the ax is excellent for making the final touches, but it is not as multifunctional as felling or splitting.

Other specific characteristics of shaping axes are:

  • Big pieces.
  • Long beards
  • The bits can be bevelled on both sides or only on one.

As such, these axes can:

  • Cut logs and make beams.
  • Make chisel cuts if they only have a beveled side.
  • Make scalloped cuts if they have both sides beveled.
  • Make fine and precise cuts.
  • It is used with only one hand, depending on its beveled side.

Models of ax according to their type of head.

Depending on the number of blades they have, one or two axes will be further differentiated into different categories.

It is important to keep in mind that the previous axle models, depending on the shape of your head, can also have one or two blades. For example, a split ax is also a single leaf ax. However, a double-edged ax often has different head shapes, so it can be used for both cutting and splitting.

The single blade ax.

This is the most common type of ax, and the way your head is made makes it very easy to use centripetal force once you have turned it over your shoulder. Therefore, it will print more force in the cut.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The characteristics of this ax are:

  • It only has one bit.
  • Hardened survey.
  • It can have wedges made of hard wood.

These characteristics make it perfect for:

  • Printing more force in the cut.
  • Hammer, if you have a hardened survey.
  • Starting wood, if you have wedges made of hard wood.

The double-edged ax.

Having two bits makes it symmetrical and easier to balance than the previous model. It is also multifunctional, considering the fact that its two blades can fulfill different purposes, one for cutting and the other for dividing.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The characteristics of this ax are quite obvious, and there is not much more to discuss here. However, an interesting detail is that when this type of head is attached to an ax, it is called ground Nessmuk, which is the same name as the author Nessmuk.

Ax models according to their handle length.

The handle is an important part of the ax as well, and you can divide the axes into categories depending on how long or short your feet are.

The pocket size

This is the smallest type of ax, even smaller than an ax, since it has a length of only 12 inches and the common weight is about 1 pound. However, they are quite strong and strong for their size, since they can be used to divide logs approximately 6 inches wide.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

If you are camping and need a good ax to cut wood, while enjoying the benefits of portability, then the pocket ax is the right model.

The ax

This is a larger type of ax, the handle that reaches a length of about 18 inches, which causes the ax to weigh a total of 1.5 pounds. It can be used very well with one hand, and it is quite multifunctional. As such, an ax can be used to cut or divide, depending on the model you choose in this category.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

For example, if you are more interested in a division ax, you can choose the Roselli model.

The ax

With 24 inches of length and 2 pounds of weight, this ax is considered a model of medium size. As its name suggests, it is specifically designed to cut tree branches. Anyone who has tried to do that, whether we are talking about a tree that has fallen or is standing, knows the difficulties, such as lack of space and a greater need for skill.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The eyebrow ax can solve these problems, since it is not too heavy, so if there is little space available, you can use only one hand to handle it. However, if you have enough room to be able to concentrate freely on more precision, the handle is long enough to grip with both hands.

The felling ax

A medium to large ax, the felling ax is usually 32 inches long, with a total weight of 3 pounds.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

It can have a double-edged head, and that’s a great asset when it comes to its versatility. You can use a sensitivity ax to cut logs, or even cut tree branches.

The maul

The biggest ax you can find, a maul that reaches up to 40 inches long and weighs 7 pounds, is used to divide thanks to its immense hammer. You can even add some wedges and wooden grenades to improve the division, but due to its length and weight, you must be very careful when handling them.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

This is not an ax for beginners or camping, and can only be used with both hands.

Ax models according to their mango materials.

In addition to the length and weight of the ax, the material from which the handle is made is equally important.

These are the pros and cons of each type of material that is most often used for hafts:



  • Strong.
  • Light.
  • Absorb the shock.
  • Easy replaceable handle.


  • Easy to break or damage.

Glass reinforced plastic


  • More resistant than wood.
  • Fairly light


  • Damaged by chemical products.
  • You have to protect yourself better.
  • Difficult to replace.



  • Solid.
  • Difficult to damage.


  • Extremely heavy.
  • Difficult to replace.

How do you choose the ax you need?

When choosing an ax, there are all sorts of things to consider, including the models we have discussed above. As you can easily notice, each model is better for a particular purpose, as well as for different body types or body strengths. The other characteristics that you should consider when choosing a good ax are:


If you need a smaller ax like a pocket ax for camping, then your choice is simple. However, if you need a larger ax such as a felling ax or maul, you may not be able to handle it unless your size fits your body type. To make sure that it is, take the ax over your head and see if the end of the handle fits comfortably inside your armpit.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

If the handle is longer and does not fit well, then the ax is too big for you.

Alignment of the heads

The head of the ax must align perfectly with the handle, or else it will not be cut too. To make sure of this, take the head of the ax with your hand and place the handle near your eyes to see if the alignment is appropriate.


Check if the ax swings well in the palm of your hand, after carefully placing your head between the index finger and the thumb.

Types of Axes: How to Choose The Perfect Axe

The handle must be quite straight also in this position, so that the ax can be easily handled.


If you are going to camp or trek and need an ax to cut wood or skinned creatures, then a pocket-sized ax is the right model for you because of its lighter weight and portability.

  • An ax is better to survive and for fishing expeditions because it is stronger and more resistant, and at the same time it is quite light.
  • An ax with branches is more appropriate for cutting branches to make a clear path or even to cut down smaller trees, so it is better for harder survival conditions. It can even be used as a personal defense weapon against the attacks of wild animals.
  • Axes and logging machines are good if you are taking a longer trip outdoors and need to cut logs or trees and gather enough firewood for the whole winter.

That said, keep in mind that when buying an ax, you have to choose a high quality item that does not break or damage too easily, especially if you plan to use it for felling or mutilation.

Just to be sure, it does not hurt to have more than one ax with you, for example, one pocket size and felling, as well as a machete if you have the room.


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