Arguments about the expediency of revolutions have been going on for a long time, and I dare to suggest that they will continue for a very long time. Some thinkers argue that revolutions do not create anything, but only destroy, after which the world that has been completely destroyed should be glued together anew. Say, without revolutions, society would develop quietly and smoothly, and here revolutionaries come and – calm and order are replaced by anarchy and ruin. Supporters of revolutions do not agree with this, considering violence as the most effective way to solve the problems that have accumulated in society. Some of them believe that progress is impossible without social explosions. Without them, without revolutions, society slips into a swamp of stagnation. There is no definitive answer to the question who is right. The revolution (at least one) was experienced by all developed countries and some of the less developed ones. In addition, in our world many things are not done “for what”, but “why”. For example, if you are spat in the face by some ambalad, and your hand involuntarily reaches for the gun, you will not shoot in order to have trouble with the police and the prosecutor’s office later, but because you have been offended and the ideas about justice are inside you to punish you scum. What would have happened if the rebellion of housewives dissatisfied with food shortages, which had grown into the February revolution, did not happen in February 1917?
Germany by that time was already exhausted, even after Russia left the game, Germany lasted only a year, after which the surrender followed. Russia, instead of reaping the fruits of victory on a par with the allies, sank into the abyss of civil war, with red terror, prodropsie, extermination of people on a social basis, hunger and forced collectivization. True, then the Soviet government could provide its people with a completely decent standard of living, which grandparents remember now with tenderness. Again, what would happen to the Soviet Union further if one M. Gorbachev had not ruined everything with his “perestroika”?
Revolutions teach people what they need to think with their heads. The problems were, are and will be, but these problems need to be solved, for which the state exists. And, if the state does not fulfill (or performs, but very badly) its functions, one should not be offended that people do not like it. Do not want revolutions, want to live in warmth and prosperity? Think heads, guys. Revoke outdated laws. Take a new one. Finally, ensure that the power of law prevails in the country, and not the right of force. And then, for some personalities everything turns out well, but only from the outside someone constantly shits.
Evil for good?
I remembered the revolution for good reason. In the winter of 2013-2014 in Kiev and other Ukrainian cities the monuments of V.I. were massively demolished. Lenin. In some places, the statues were demolished immediately, under general encouraging cries, in some places the “leader of the world proletariat” was defenders, and some monuments even managed to defend. In Kiev, the monument was guarded by the police. For several days they held out, like three hundred Spartans, in the face of an angry mob.
There were no victims. One “law enforcement officer” split the skull so that the brains flowed out onto the asphalt. On a young guy standing next to him, his colleague, it made such a strong impression that he had to be placed in a psychiatric clinic. What can you do, as Vladimir Ilyich himself said, “the revolution is not done in white gloves“.
Ukrainian society, aspiring to Europe, was noisily and emotionally saying goodbye to its sovdepovskim past, simultaneously removing the negative accumulated lately on sovdepovskim characters.
Well, now is the time to return to the barricades, where the confrontation between the ardent supporters of European integration and the defenders of the “legitimate president” flared up.
At first, there was an equal positional struggle. Sometimes one or the other side was able to press down opponents, but they soon restored the status quo. Righteous anger boiled in the attackers, and their opponents received the order “not one step back.” But, there was no order to use firearms. In the struggle with the insurgent people (or the paid pravokatori, as you like more, used travmatika and the traditional weapon of the cops – clubs and shields). European integrators bombarded the police with a Molotov cocktail. Some policemen were burning at work, moreover, in the direct and not figurative sense.
The standoff was conducted not only “at the front”, but also “in the rear”. The “titushki” paid by the ruling party (young Gopnik, carrying out all sorts of delicate tasks for material remuneration) set fire to shops, burned cars and beat passersby. Avtomaydan, a public organization of car owners, opponents of the Yanukovich regime, traveled around Kiev and the surrounding area, preventing the excesses of visiting Gopnik.
In many cities of Ukraine, people seized the buildings of the deputies, the police and the SBU. But, the main events unfolded in the center of Kiev.
Active phase and climax
Around February 18, the authorities moved to action. Almost all available reserves were pulled to the center. They cordoned off the Maidan, blocked the metro, and launched an attack.
How fragile a man is, nevertheless. The shutdown of the metro caused a real traffic collapse. Moreover, it happened at the end of the working day, when normal people (not biorobots) are already looking at their watches and slowly gathering things. Now many “ways of withdrawal” have been blocked. Urgently had to think through new routes. Someone was forced to travel in a roundabout way, with several transfers. Some individuals spent the night at work, at friends, or at their mistresses / lovers. Agree, a convenient excuse for going to the left. When crowds of people rushed into ground transportation (note that the center of the city was also blocked) there was simply not enough seats for everyone. Minibuses went without stopping, and people rushed between stops, wondering what to go on and not to return to work. Personally, I drove from the office for almost three hours instead of hours. When I finally got on the minibus, I was happy as a child, and in the tram I had to go in such unbelievable positions that I was amazed at my own resourcefulness for a long time. Well at least, the weather relented to the people, and the February frosts retreated.
And on the Maidan, something terrible was happening. The police and internal troops, as well as all those who managed to be involved in the operation, that is, special groups of power structures (Alpha, Bars, Griffon) were advancing. Now not only on foot. Armored personnel carriers gnawed through barricades. One armored personnel carrier was set on fire, two soldiers (twenty-year-old guys) burned down, perishing, in fact, for nothing. In the light of improvised torches, a spilled Molotov cocktail and burning tires, implacable enemies came together. The wall stood against the wall. Many of the rebels used shields, both improvised and captured, batons, baseball bats and other weapons from the “what was at hand” category. Slowly but surely Berkut crowded people. Those did not give up. From the loudspeaker, the police authorities offered to disperse and not interfere with the “counter-terrorist operation.” The last defenders of the Maidan have crowded around the podium, on which there were no leaders, only recently who had fervently called on the people to overthrow the criminal regime. Politicians are quite cautious people.
At that moment it seemed to me that the Maidan would be dispersed. However, in the morning I learned that the Maidan survived. The surrounding area resembled footage from the newsreel of the Second World War. Ashes, soot, smoldering tires … And people determined to stand to the end. Get to work did not work. Yes, on this day before the work no one was concerned. All waited, than all will end. I saw the odds of the parties again as 50 to 50. The list of the dead was growing rapidly. Moreover, on both sides. Neither of them now stood on ceremony with opponents. On both sides were killed, wounded and captured. On the part of the militiamen, there were about two dozen dead, some seriously wounded were balancing between life and death.
Cruelty begets more cruelty. Over the captured law enforcement officers tried to arrange (and sometimes arranged) lynch. At one time on the Internet, a video clip was shown, in which a dying eagle of a golden eagle was shown, who had his arm cut off and gouged out his eye. Cruelty on both sides was off scale. And, apparently, it’s not just the paid provocateurs.
The next day, Yanukovych announced the day of mourning. But, the assault continued, however, without the former enthusiasm. Everything had to decide the third day, and he decided everything. No one thought that everything would happen so quickly.
The end of the confrontation
It seemed that now the power would be a little pre-tensioned, and the Maidan would falter, but everything happened a bit wrong. I remember well enough that day 20 February 2014. Suddenly, a whole caravan of ambulances rushed past the office. Everyone who was nearby felt something was wrong (it’s not that someone was so worried about Yanukovych, but that it became clear that a lot of blood had spilled somewhere). And then there was information about a large number of dead. About a hundred people, that is, several times more than during the entire Maidan period. The victims are mainly among the maydanovtsy, as the police used firearms. And then, almost immediately, other information arrived – the police lose their positions, the golden eagle leaves the city.
Soon the radio announced the recommendations, the essence of which was as follows: stock up for a few days food, water, if possible, stay at home and do not lean out.
There were also rumors that a large number of “aunts” were brought to the city, who now not only beat people on the streets (the traditional occupation of Gopnik), but also smash offices.
Risking life for the sake of something I didn’t want, and all normal people went home. It is foolish, you know, to depict a hero in such a situation, and to die, saving old computers and unnecessary business papers, I wanted the least.
Shops were observed in the shops. People swept from the shelves all. In particular that has a shelf life. Dumplings, cereals, canned food, frozen vegetables.
We, too, went out of business with me and my relatives. Looking ahead, I will say that this precaution was unnecessary, but there was not much harm from it either. True, some citizens took everything unnecessarily seriously, and even bought up those products that, after lying a bit, should be disposed of. Well, supermarket owners got an extra profit. One more thing – banks have introduced restrictions on withdrawing money from cards, something like five hundred hryvnia per day.
In order to resist the “titushkami”, the people of Kiev began to create self-defense detachments at the place of residence. Usually it looked like this – several hundred people crowd in the area, looking at suspicious individuals. Arms – sticks, baseball bats, who have – a traumatic weapon. In our area it was relatively quiet, “titushki” before him just did not get. Moreover, the regime was no longer up to them, they were forgotten to pay, and without payment they were not interested in doing this noble fishing. They say that in some areas with “titushki” there were major clashes. In my opinion, everything was limited to a pair of cars set on fire, and the beating of a small gang “from the east.” However, they were beaten and not very much, more frightened. Then the people are not furious, as now.
So what really happened in the vicinity of Maidan, namely, on Institutskaya Street?
Oddly enough, this version has several versions. Version the first: snipers hired by the criminal regime began to shoot at people. Version the second: Maydanovtsy leaders hired snipers who began to shoot at people in order to provoke popular anger. Of course, the security agencies involved snipers. These snipers, indeed, sat on the roofs and on the upper floors of buildings. But did they fire? Simply put, who shot? Maydanovtsev were snipers. So, one of the Maydanovskiy leaders in the trunk of a car had recently found a sniper rifle, but – politicians have politicians, they will always find a way to get out.
They talk about provocations, about some foreign mercenaries. In reality, the guys who were at that moment in the epicenter of the events were told that the police started shooting (by the way, there is a video on Youtube where police in the Mikhailovsky Palace area openly shoot firearms). Seeing this, the people, instead of being frightened, became furious, and rushed at the cops. Unable to withstand, the cops ran. Those who managed to catch up were beaten with mortal combat, which in this case, in my opinion, is quite justified. War dictates its own laws, and the one who started shooting automatically becomes on the warpath.
Final and … continued?
However, this revolution is over. Power capitulated. Yanukovych quickly and quickly left the country. His capitalist ministers hid in an unknown direction. There was no one to defend, and the eagle went to their cities. In some cities, for example, in Lviv, the fighters were then forced to repent in public and kneel down. There were numerous defenders at the golden eagle who claimed that “they put pressure on the guys”, “they put up the guys”, “there was no necessary order, but if there was an order, they would be …”, “they just carried out the order”. In this place I consider it appropriate to quote Gleb Zheglov – “There is no punishment without guilt.“.
What do you think, what was the “political elite” doing at this time, or rather, that part of it that is closer to the “legitimate president”? While battles were raging on the Maidan and in its vicinity, suitcases were packed in the residence of Yanukovych. At the same time, money was quickly transferred to foreign accounts (those that had not yet been transferred). Those close to the president did about the same. And do not care that the berkutovtsy (and together with them BB-shniki, cops, cadets of educational institutions of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs) protected the fat carcasses of all these figures with their bodies. Your shirt is closer to the body. Then, when national access was open to all these residences, everyone was able to see how miserable and miserable individuals ruled this country.
The people, most of it. sincerely hoped that the new government would be better, because, in fact, the people themselves had cleared her path to the political Olympus.
Immediately spread bad rumors about the Crimea. Polite “green men”, who appeared out of nowhere, took control of almost all the military objects of the peninsula. Calmly, without a single shot and, very importantly, with the almost complete support of the local population. The Ukrainian military sat on the barracks and, like rats, were afraid that they would be pinched. The most heroic deeds were considered evacuation to the mainland under the singing of the hymn of Ukraine. One of my acquaintances in those days called the military so-singers. Indeed, how else to call them? 23 years of independence (at that time). Every year decent money was allocated to the army. All 23 years, many guys became members of a small drama called “recruiting company.” Experienced how so, “I go to the army, my girlfriend will not wait for me.” And here, on you. At the right moment, the army was simply not the lot. In addition, it was not without traitors in the high headquarters. Each Crimean part was isolated and did not know what was happening nearby.
Even before the famous Crimean referendum, my forecast looked like this: Crimea will go to Russia (formal, I emphasize, formal, independence is possible), the next in line is Donbass.
People were happy that they were breathing Yanukovych, but for those who still retain the ability to think for themselves, intuition prompted – the tale is just beginning.
Immediately after the fall of the regime, the deputies abolished the “Law on Languages”, and a show called “who does not jump, that Moskal” began to unfold in the cities. But, if in Western and Central Ukraine such ideas were a great success, in the East they clearly did not find understanding. In Donetsk, Lugansk, Kharkov and other cities with a significant share of the Russian-speaking population, people protested against such manifestations of Bandera. The European integrators who came to the Donbass and to Kharkov received a fierce rebuff. Rallies and seizures of administrative buildings began again, only now in the southern and eastern cities of the country and under a different flag — black and orange. Black and orange ribbon began to be called “Colorado.” Ukrainian society has split into maydanutyh (or embroidery) and Colorado (or quilted jackets). The ghost of the civil war was in the air …
To be continued…
- Ukrainian Maidan as a rehearsal of the apocalypse. Part 1
- Ukrainian Maidan as a rehearsal of the apocalypse. Part 3