A family of several living in a multi-storey house consumes a very large amount of hot and cold water daily, but only a small percentage of it goes purely for drinking needs of about 2 liters per person per day.
Water reserves in the home emergency survival kit, emergency stock for the house and apartment, calculation of the amount of water, its storage and use.
The average daily water flow rate is variable and may vary depending on many factors. The average water consumption per person per day in ordinary everyday life has the following meanings.
survival. The billing period should be taken based on the availability of free space for storing containers with water, but preferably at least three days. In case of unforeseen circumstances, after the final calculation, add to the obtained result another plus rate per person. In addition, consider in your calculations the presence of pets, the norms for which can be found in the specialized literature.
Storing emergency water supplies in a home survival kit.
It is advisable to store a home emergency supply of water in a dark, cool place without exposure to direct sunlight. The container in which water is stored must be closed. The storage temperature of water is in the range from +7 to +25 degrees Celsius, so its organoleptic and chemical properties will change less. Storage periods and, correspondingly, renewal periods for home emergency water supplies depend on containers and average: for plastic PET bottles and bottles for 6 months, for glass containers for up to a year.
In the event of a leak in the purchased bottles of drinking water during storage, for example, opened as necessary, cast, closed for no more than one month from the moment the cork was opened. After long-term storage, water must be checked before use, making sure that it: does not contain foreign odors, it is transparent, and no impurities taste. Otherwise, it must be additionally filtered and boiled..
Creating additional water supplies in the home emergency kit.
If a warning about a possible crisis situation is received in advance, then fill up as many free containers as possible, especially if you live in an area with a hot climate, or if the weather is hot and dry. Tap water can be turned off at any time. In the absence of empty containers, fill durable plastic garbage bags with water, fill them in half and securely tie the neck. The capacity of the bathtub can be increased by closing the top hole of the overflow pipe..
From the very first day of the emergency, collect all available water in all possible ways. It should be remembered that even if the rainwater itself is clean, the drain from which you collected it in any case will pollute or infect it, so sterilize it by boiling. Install additional water tanks made of clean, waterproof fabric or thick polyethylene. Rinse them between showers to remove dirt. If possible, build your own reservoir by digging a hole and lining it on the bottom and walls with plastic wrap. Cover with something on top to prevent evaporation of water and debris. Read more about the search, production and storage of water in the appropriate section of the site.
Saving, cleaning and sterilizing water at home.
For reasons of economy, do not pour out used water after using it, for example after washing dishes. It can be cleaned, sterilized and used again. Read more about filtering and disinfecting water in the appropriate section of the site. One of the simplest, but ineffective ways to get clean water from contaminated is as follows: boil dirty water, and soak with steam rising above the container with a clean cloth, and then squeeze it. After this, boil the water thus obtained again..