When you start a trip in the desert with your friends, you can find it fun, exciting and adventurous, which is normal, but if you get lost, the situation changes completely. There are wild animals that could harm you, weather changes that could make you sick and other unpleasant incidents that may occur. Even if you have brought enough food and water for emergencies like these, there is still the possibility that it will run out.
The first thing to remember is that humans can not survive for more than 3 days without water, since it is a very basic necessity. Read more in this article to find out what you can do when you are lost in the desert and out of the water supply.
This article is designed to offer you the knowledge on how to find water in any survival situation. First you must know that not all bodies of water are safe to drink. To make sure you’re drinking the right water, you need to know how to make the water you find safe drinkable.
In addition, a valuable information is to know what body of water is better to drink and what to avoid due to bacterial contamination and parasites. If you drink water that is not safe, you will only have more problems than you wanted and that is the last thing you want to happen when you are trying to survive.
The basic things to learn.
The first thing you should do when you encounter this type of situation is to find a place where you can get drinking water. You can find it in rivers, streams and lakes. In case you do not know where to find these bodies of water, look for animal tracks, they will take you to them. Animals always know where they can get drinking water, so their tracks are reliable. Just be careful not to run into them, as it may pose a different threat to your life and you do not want that to happen when you are trying to find water to survive.
Apart from the animal tracks, you can also look for places where there is a rich and green vegetation. This usually means that the soil is not dry and there is a body of water nearby that is not toxic to the plants. If you observe that there is a significant amount of insects in a certain area, this could also indicate a place where you can find water. Bird flight routes during the day or night are also important signals that will point you in the right direction. Always pay attention to these signs to facilitate the search for water. And it is extremely important to stay hydrated always.
Rainwater is also safe to drink, so gather all the water containers you have and use them to collect rainwater. If you need more, you can use a poncho as a substitute for a water bag by attaching its corners to the trees. Do not worry if you know a little different, it just means that some minerals are missing from the water found in streams or on the ground.
Water collection techniques.
If you are stranded and can not find any source of drinking water nearby, you must do the additional work of collecting your own water. There are some proven techniques that will be useful in case the water supply is low and there is no chance of finding a body of water soon.
First, let’s see how to build a piece of land underground. You will need a tool to dig, a plastic sheet, rocks, drinkable tube and a container where the water will be collected. Make an observation of the area that receives a lot of sunlight during the day and start digging a hole that has the shape of a bowl.
The hole must be approximately 2 feet deep, 3 feet wide, and there must be a sink in the center. The size of the sump should be the same size as your container to hold the container in place when you put it there. After doing this, take the drinking tube and place it inside the container.
Make sure that the beverage tube protrudes from the hole. Now take the plastic and put it on top of the hole while covering the sides with stones and dirt to prevent it from moving. Place a larger rock in the middle of the plastic sheet and let it hang 18 inches down. Your purpose is to form an inverted cone. If necessary, you can add more soil near the edges to keep it more stable.
Underground soil works by collecting water from the condensation that occurs between soil moisture and the sun’s heat. If you need more moisture, you can plant some vegetation inside, but you should make sure that the vegetation you are planting does not poison it.
Therefore, if you do not know the vegetation, it is better to stay away from it. The tube can be used to consume the water collected from the container, but in case you do not have a tube, you can only drink directly from the container. Just return it correctly after you’ve finished. This type of method can produce up to 1 quart of drinking water each day.
Make the water taste better.
If you can wait 12 hours, let the water sit for a long time before drinking it. In this way, any residue and impurities will be deposited in the bottom and you will have cleaner water to drink. You can even improvise a water filter to get rid of other unnecessary particles. You can start by taking a large can, a hollow trunk or a bamboo stick. Place 5 to 10 holes in the trunk and lift it slightly off the ground.
Take stones, sand and cloth to fill the bag alternately. When you have done this, you can pour the water that you have collected into the bag. The water that you will see coming out must be clear and, if not, you can pour the water in again. In case the water has an odor, use a bit of charcoal that you have available and use a cloth to filter the charcoal after using it. It is also important to boil the water you have collected to kill any bacteria that may damage it.
Easier water collection techniques.
In case you do not want to go through all the problems of making an underground movement, you will only need a plastic bag to collect the water. This is called the transpiration technique and is a much easier way to collect water compared to the underground soil that we discussed earlier. To do this, tie a plastic around a tree or bush and place a small rock within its weight.
The technique of transpiration works by collecting the moisture produced by the tree or shrub throughout the day. At the end of the day, you can make a small hole to take the water out of the bag or take a container where you can pour the water. You will notice that the water knows the plant you have chosen, that is why you must choose a plant that is not poisonous. When you have finished drinking the water you need, all you have to do is secure the hole you made in the bag to prevent the water from coming out.
If you are near a coastline, you can create a beach well. Start by digging a hole 3 to 5 feet deep located behind the depression part of the first sand dune that is usually 100 feet away from the water line. To prevent the sand from actively collapsing, place rocks or pieces of wood in the bottom. This is important to prevent the walls of the holes from collapsing and falling.
Leave everything as is and return after a few hours, when you can collect up to 5 gallons of water that has already been filtered. If you find the water too salty to drink, you can choose the next sand dune that is farthest from the water line. This technique will work well with any body of water.
Make salt water safe to drink
In case everything around you is salt water, you can do certain steps to make it drinkable by making the condensation happen.
Actually, there are 2 ways to make saltwater condensate to have pure water at the end.
This is necessary because sea water, lakes and deserts have a high salt content that is not good for human consumption.
The first method
Take a metal container and fill it with 2 to 3 gallons of salt water. It is also necessary to collect some rocks and heat them in the fire. After they have been heated (they should be red when you take them out of the fire), place the rocks inside the container containing the salt water (make sure it is resistant to heat) and let it boil.
If the water is hot enough to produce vapors, it is on the right track. Put a clean cloth to cover the pot, and let it absorb all the water that is produced during boiling. When the cloth is already wet, use it to remove the water from the pot and you can put it in a container or bottle to consume later.
The second method
This is usually done when there is not a pot or heat-resistant container available. First you have to dig a hole that is narrow and large enough to hold 2 to 3 gallons of water. Pick up some rocks and warm them (again, they should be red). When the rocks are hot, place them in the well that contains the salt water.
Let the water boil or wait until it has become enough for vaporization to occur. Cover the hole with a clean cloth or towel and put the water in a container if you want to save it for later. This method is very easy and you only need to use natural means to do it well.
Important reminder about lakes and lagoons.
If you have the option to choose between a stream, a river, a lake or a pond, you should know that it is better to choose water from the stream or the river. Lakes and ponds can have many bacteria because these bodies of water contain a large population. Neither should you consider taking water from the pond or standing water.
To know if pond water is stagnating, take a leaf and place it in the water. If the leaf does not move, it means that the water is stagnant and is not safe to drink. Do this when the wind is not strong to fully see the result of your experiment.
The marshes and swamps have many bacteria, so you should never consider drinking water from them. They also contain parasites that can cause pollution and only cause more problems. You should also avoid the lakes and ponds that are found in agricultural areas because they can have many herbicides and pesticides that are harmful to human health.
Water should be avoided in industrial areas and regions that have a high population, since people tend to throw things illegally and that is why populated areas have a high rate of contamination that causes water to become contaminated. The presence of chemical substances can be found in water that comes from industrial areas, which makes it very dangerous for humans.
Important things to remember
Always take note of signs where there might be water to drink and always be prepared for situations like this. To be prepared for disastrous situations, you must choose the places you will go to in case you need to evacuate and gather tools to take with you. You will definitely need them to train more than having to collect water to keep you alive. In case you do not see any body of water nearby, dig a hole in the ground and see if you can find water.
You might be lucky, and if you see the soil getting wet, keep digging until you can collect enough water to drink. Do not forget to eliminate any contaminants first. Also, boiling is always the best method to make sure that the water you drink does not harm your health.
If you see that there is a sign of life of animals, birds, vegetation, etc., immediately use your fingerprints to take it to the body of water that you so desperately need. Take note of the techniques we discussed on how to collect water efficiently. They are simple and, although the amount of water that results is not much, these techniques can save your life someday. You do not really need much to do them.
They are an important knowledge that any survivor needs to know because situations of survival can occur at any time and in any place. It’s just a matter of being equipped with the right knowledge and tools to be prepared for anything. Some methods are more efficient at collecting more water than others, but the amount of water you need to collect usually depends on the situation.
There may be cases in which you find yourself trapped in the middle of a dangerous area and your movements are limited. There may be dangerous animals lurking or people who will threaten your life once they find you. Keep in mind that even if the situation seems unbearable, there is always something you can do to find water and stay alive.
Water is crucial for survival! Remember that supplies only last a limited time, but knowing how to find food and water in any situation will keep you alive longer. Even if you think that the situation at this moment is safe, you never know when a disaster will occur, so always keep your mind in mind to face any kind of crucial situation because you must believe that you can overcome any survival situation.