Mastering the skills of installing and masking traps in the winter in the snow, along the Black Tropic and along the aquifer is of no small importance. The most complex and skillful methods of installing and masking traps are needed if they are installed on wolves and foxes. In winter, in the snow they are put in the following ways.
Ways to set and mask traps for catching wolves and foxes in the winter in the snow.
Installation of traps under the trail is possible with a depth of snow cover of more than 15 cm and with a fairly dense structure. In such snow, they find an animal path or a track along which the beast passed several times. In the fishery for wolves, foxes and other cautious animals, they try to approach the trail from behind a tree, a fallen tree, a clump of bushes or some other shelter (Scheme a).
Then, 10-15 cm from the print of the animal’s paw, a snow “brick” corresponding to the size of the trap is cut out from the side, towards the hunter. This “brick” is carefully pinned up with a knife and transferred to the side. Through the formed hole, the snow under the track is crushed with the end of the shovel, trying not to touch or ruin the track itself – the “high chair”. After that, a guarded trap with springs inserted under the arc is placed on the end of the shovel (springs to itself) and placed in the cave so that the guard is exactly under the trail.
Installing the panel, right there they bury a chain and drag. Then the previously removed snow “brick” is laid in place and the surface is carefully leveled with the underside of the shovel, trying to smooth out all the bumps and streaks in the snow. In the same way they fall asleep and smooth their tracks. So that the disguised place does not stand out against the general background of the snow cover, it is sprinkled with snow.
To do this, from the side, they accumulate surface loose snow with a nalopat and toss it up with force so that the snow dust uniformly powders the surface. Repeat this several times until the entire snow surface has the same hue. If this work is done carelessly (the snow falls lumps and forms a dent near the trap), a careful seasoned wolf will definitely go around such a suspicious place.
Ways of installing and masking traps for catching wolves and foxes in winter with fine and loose snow and along the Black Trop.
With fine and loose snow and along the Black Tropic traps set in the trail. To do this, in the place of one footprint of the beast, they dig a hole in the size of a trap with a depth exceeding 1-2 cm the height of the guarded trap. Samoles are placed in this hole. If it is with a plate guard, then it is advisable to put a soft lump of dry moss under it, thanks to which solid particles of camouflage material, which affect the freezing of the trap, could not get under the guard. If the frame is hopped, with a canvas or SIM cards, then it is covered with light surrounding forest litter and loose snow.
In the tundra and in the steppe, where constant winds blow loose snow from the traps and unmask them, a slightly different method of masking airplanes is used. On a bestial trail, a trap is placed in a hole with a carved trace, and then it is covered with a trail of an animal taken from the side with an ice crust cut off with it. If there is no such trace, then the trap is covered with a thin, covered layer of snow. The edges at the joints are smoothed with snow..
They do the same. A lump of soft moss is placed under a plate of a guarded trap and covered with loose snow, carefully leveled with the adjacent snow surface, and then fine water dust is sprayed onto it and in this way an ice surface is frosted over the trap, which reliably protects it from unmasking.
The animal passages use natural and arrange artificial ureters. In these cases, traps are also placed under the trail or 30–70 cm from the column or bump, from the side of the most probable approach of animals to them. All work on the installation and masking of traps is carried out in canvas mittens. It is recommended to rub the traps with odorous plants, torn off at the place of their installation: in the coniferous forest – with needles, in the steppe – with wormwood or shrimp.
When the wolves and jackals are exterminated in spring and summer, the barn is laid out in shallow water, 2-3 meters from the shore, and traps are placed in water at a depth of 10-15 cm between the bridle and the shore. In these cases, gloves and the above precautions for handling traps are not required..
Many hunters, when setting traps, do not mask the ski, but cross the animal trail and, at the intersection, without leaving the ski, place the traps in the third or fourth footprint of the beast to the right and left of the ski track. Traps are usually put on the trail, they are carefully masked and after that they continue the path along the track. At the same time, for example, a fox, approaching the track in its wake, focuses attention on it and gets into a trap.
Ways to set and mask traps in fodder and odorous lures.
There are many ways to set traps for various fodder and odorous lures. Fodder baits are placed in the middle of the courtyard, fenced with pegs, turf, stones and other improvised material, and a narrow hole is left on the one side (usually leeward) of the bait, in which a guarded trap is installed. Huts are also made of reed, and a pyramid with a passage between the logs is made of niche stones or three logs..
Bait is placed inside these structures, and traps are placed on the way to it. Snow does not bring the bait of an unauthorized bait, and the beast who visited them, getting to the bait, always falls into the trap. To prevent the feeding of bait from the mouse-like rodents and birds, it is recommended that they be placed in cans of a cylindrical shape. In such a jar 1/3 impose a bait, its open side is squeezed and flattened. And in the side pierce with an awl several holes. Feed baits in this packaging serve the whole season..
Odorous baits are more often used in the form of a cotton swab soaked in them, suspended above a masked trap. Or they use natural and artificial pegs of meter height, the upper end end of which is radially split and odorous baits are buried in the cracks. On the leeward side, on approaches to such pegs, guarded traps are put and masked in the snow in the track or under the track.
Ways to set and mask traps for catching foxes, foxes and some other predatory animals in open steppe regions.
You can very successfully catch arctic foxes, foxes, and some other predatory animals in open steppe regions of the Vkapkany, set on the tops of snowy hills, outlined on the leeward side to the guria. Guria is made up of turf, stones or snow bricks in the form of a truncated pyramid with a width of up to 50 cm at the base and a height of 50-60 cm. A mound 10 cm below the top of the guria is marked out to it. On the upper part of the mound a small area is leveled, on which a guarded trap is installed.
Ravens, polar owls and all kinds of birds of prey like to sit on the hills. Some of them gutted caught lemings. The guriy himself and the bird sitting on it attract the attention of the arctic fox, who, out of curiosity and hoping to profit from something, climbs the guru on a snowy mound and falls into the trap (scheme b).
Sables and martens are especially successfully caught by traps tied to the end of a log slanted obliquely to a tree, from which branches a hazel grouse and a carcass of squirrel hang over a trap. Or some other attractive bait for predatory fur animals (scheme c). On a log, a little stepping back from the end, make a notch for a trap. He is tied to a tree with a cord so that the animal attracted by the bait, running along the log, gets into the trap, and then jumped down with it and hovered under the log. A length of 20-30 cm is left from the trap to the end of the log so that birds sitting on the log do not fall into the trap.
Methods for installing and masking traps for catching fur animals in the aquarius and the black-trophy.
In the field of fur-bearing animals along the aquarius, it is recommended that traps be placed under water, which well conceals airplanes and protects them from being thawed by raindrops. When catching wolves, jackals and reed cats, traps set in water at a depth of 15-20 cm can be tied to stakes. Then the caught animals quickly choke and die, not having time to break out of the trap or unscrew and tear off the paw.
When installing and camouflaging traps along the Black Trop, it is recommended to use double-plate and frame traps with linen guards. For successful capture in the spring and summer of wolves and jackals, especially careful processing of traps and the removal of extraneous odors are required. It is recommended to set traps on animal climbing under logs raised above the ground at a height of 40-45 cm. This eliminates the possibility of people, domestic and wild ungulates in the traps.
Wolf and jackal paths are blocked by such logs in advance, so that animals are accustomed to climb under them. In the warm season, before installing the trap, you should rub your hands in the coniferous forest with needles. And in the field there is wormwood, thyme, or some other fragrant plant growing at the site of the trap. Then put on gloves. They are also rubbed.
A trap is taken in them and it is also rubbed with smelling grass. With a sapper blade, they dig a hole to the size of the trap, place it there and very carefully sweep this place flush with the surrounding surface. A wolf trap is tied to a drag – for a comel of a 2-3 meter log with branches. For a jackal, dragging can be twice as easy.
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.