Team Task & Purpose Together with the Military Psychologist, Colonel Dave Grossman,
In 2012, it was a stratospheric wavelength of 39 kilometers from a distance of 39 kilometers. The project sponsor – Red Bull – has invested more than 65 million US dollars in this event. Scientists have been involved in the project. Overlap panic fear, Baumgartner
Even in less extreme conditions, can be and control us. It is a fact that he has been a professional athlete. Red Bull brought Dr. Baumgartner Michael Gervais, a well-known specialist in psychology of real combat (physiology of deadly combat), to the solution of the problem. neutralize fear 43-year-old athlete. Baumgartner’s jump during
What is a super-cup fight? But, these emotions are very similar!
Baumgartner was helped by developments in the field of psychology. Already since the 90s of the 20th century, the US military began to study combat clash psychology You can develop a predictable and effective behavior. The credit card goes to the psychiatric corps. In Battle, and When You Kill, published by him.
“The army leadership considered this insane,” Grossman told Task Team. & Purpose. They’re not a problem.
It is a question of what kind of person? And the answer that changed everything was – yes! We can apply in real combat. This is one of the most revolutionary discoveries in the world. “
Of course, it’s not a problem. This is a piece of fabrication from the space in the country. In both situations survival mode. The best-trained people to fear.
Courage does not mean lack of fear; it can be replaced with something else: anger, mercy, concentration, self-sacrifice. This ability can be developed if it realizes extreme stress. Being able to identify these physiological processes, being aware of their naturalness, chilling fear in the midst of the battle.
“We’ve been able to help in the case of injuries,” says Grossman. “We want to vaccinate. But not penicillin. Forewarned is forearmed. It would be a surprise. “
Series of animated graphics created by a member of Task & Purpose Matthew Battaglia helps you to understand. For the past 10 years, he received a question. Of course, this is only a brief overview. For complete immersion of psychology and physiology of war, we recommend reading the books of Grossman.
Soldiers are preparing to patrol in the territory. “Everyone explains fear in different ways,” says Grossman.
It is a state of the art of excitement, which helps to improve concentration and suppression of anxiety. according to Grossman, is completely natural.
“Everyone explains fear in different ways. Take the musicians. One musician says: “I’m not in the cold before going on stage. I feel sick, and I feel that I am getting sick. it real fear in front of the stage. But he still doesn’t make musician. Another says: “Dude, I’m pumping alcohol before the concert. Guts purr. Nerves are like strings. “Both musicians experience the same thing. feeling of fear, but he eats one and mobilizes the second. “
But, nevertheless, Grossman says, “urge to fight defecation.”
“There is a warehouse for toxic waste,” says Grossman. The body seeks to get rid of the body. stressful event stress diarrhea is always observed. “
Division in battle. The enemy began an improvised explosive device.
There are no outflows of blood from the body surface. Grossman explains how to avoid damage.
In preparation for possible damage, the circulatory system produces blood outflow from the body into the body.
“This is a vasospasm. There is a reduction in the rate of blood flow through the capillaries. As a result of these processes, we can observe the pallor of the fighter’s face. “
There are two primary reasons for this. It occurs when capillaries or veins are damaged by blunt object. If there is no blood, they will remain whole. But more importantly, redirecting it helps survive until the end of the battle.
“Imagine a wolf biting into your hand 5,000 years ago,” says Grossman. “Bring on the head of the beast, defending yourself. If you don’t get it, you’ll not bleed. “
“This is a beast,” says Grossman.
The death of a comrade is the most terrible event for every soldier. It is a woman who lives in the middle of the cold water.
“I call the midbrain” an animal, “says Grossman. “Inside each of us is this beast. When this animal says: “Oh, you could have been in their place. Be careful! “This is fundamental. survival law. Before you can help you escape, you need to take care of yourself. Therefore, it’s the most universal answer: “Lord, thank you for me!”
It is a blood flow from the forebrain.
“This is because vascular spasm also applies to the brain. When it moves away from the face, it moves away from the forebrain. And you can no longer think rationally, ”explains Grossman. “I call it“ blackout ”(in the original,“ condition black ”). You can’t learn what you’re learning about. “
Thus, if you’re a blackout, you’ll be able to get all the prerequisites. At the same time, it will be necessary to eliminate the threat. “The soldiers will be fire,” says Grossman.
The soldiers of the gunfire during the battle.
“The lion’s roar is a deafening and shocking phenomenon,” says Grossman. “But he doesn’t really want to know his own roar, not his own barking. Their hearing is dulled, as well as ours. Our roar is the sound of our shots. “
There is no test of stress, or “auditory selectivity.”
This phenomenon is called “auditory selectivity“. It occurs in the midst of the battle, which sends signals from the inner ear.
According to Grossman’s research, 90% of the participants in auditory selectivity. “Suddenly you suddenly find yourself in an ambush. Bah Bah Bah The shots are loud and all overwhelming. You shoot back, bang. Your shots subside, but you still hear the enemy’s shots. “
Soldier vision is also subject to change during the course of the battle. Grossman uses two different so-called. The predator’s behavior patterns are “attacking lion” and “wolf pack dynamics”.
Many soldiers report that they are experiencing a “tunnel vision” effect.
Most soldiers experience tunnel vision syndrome. They say: “The attacking lion” is like a rocket with a thermal pointing head. He sees only one goal, get lost. “” This is the tunnel vision. “
Sometimes it’s a bit like attacking along with its pack.
Not all soldiers experience tunnel vision. Hentay
“This is our goal,” says Grossman. “When I’ve been working for the Los Angeles police department, for example, One of the ways to get one. “
He received a number of soldiers and policemen.
There is another very controversial phenomenon, where there is a Grossman insists on the reality. This is the effect of “time lapse“.
“Many fighters told during the fight. It wouldn’t have been possible to see the trajectory of the bullet. “It’s not like the ball, where you can’t see it,” says Grossman.
Irrational thoughts often push soldiers to take decisive action.
The mind of a wounded warrior often draws in his imagination irrational pictures or even hallucinations. Grossman explains survival mechanism.
“I will cite the case of a female police officer from Florida. I received you and I won’t be able to interfere with you! ”She returned to service a year later. Those. At the same time motivating thoughts. “
It would be a painful situation. But if you are ready for this,
“There are ways to adapt. “All these methods of work,” says Grossman.
You may begin to blend again.
One of the variants of such an adaptation is “survivor euphoria“A feeling of euphoria that’s been experiencing a life-threatening experience.” It’s a challenge. “
For the fighter, no less disastrous than the unattached wounds in time. You begin to bleed.
“In the end, you are a winner. You broke the head of an evil wolf. You won the battle. And then you relax, bleed and … die. It always returns to its original state. The wound, which didn’t bleed in the heat of the battle, will begin to squirt later. Therefore, it is important to immediately apply a tourniquet if there is a wound. People need to understand the importance of this. “
After the initial feeling of “survival euphoria” disappears, the soldier becomes very vulnerable.
For many combatants, real trials away from the battlefield, Grossman explains.
“It’s a situation of euphoria, and then they are covered with a sense of guilt. They think: “I killed him and I felt fine after that.” It doesn’t remorse about the killing. But then another brain, “I’m done and I’m done.” But it’s not a guilty after the fight is natural. “
Memories usually do not happen to be in the movies, but they do. In most cases, they are experienced as an instantaneous sensation of returning to battle.
Those who watched war films are familiar with the phenomenon. “return to the past“It’s a bit like a warrior.” Hollywood’s interpretation of the existing psychological phenomenon, called “memory of the experience“.
As a child, how many times have you touched a hot frying pan? Once. Touching her, you screamed, and after that a strong neurological connection was established. The midbrain said: “Never touch this pan.” It is much stronger than the memory from the pan. Frying pan, it is remembered deeply and firmly.
If you’re trying to get wild, you’re desperately gasp for air …
The feelings and feelings that they experienced during the war. This can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, unless you take appropriate action.
It is indefinite and disparagingly. It`s naturally. The brain doesn’t like to re-experience traumatic events. Deep memories only intensifies them.
“You’ll go crazy trying to forget,” says Grossman. “In the end, it will end mental illness. You need to come to terms with your own memory. It is necessary to separate it. It has been shown to be a method of distraction. Fluid intake is a process that activates and provides a sense of security. There is a way to get rid of it. Those. It’s really a matter of course.
Many soldiers yearn for hostilities after returning to civilian life, and therefore many voluntarily return. “There’s nothing wrong with that,” says Grossman. “We need such people.”
After the outbreak of the hostilities, it is important that many people live, if not the most. It becomes intolerable. But this is not always the case. Some soldiers, especially those who survived the hardest battles, begin to yearn for them. Grossman argues that this is not unnatural.
“They are like fighting dogs that are looking for fights. I knew a guy who came back in Vietnam. This is the most delightful experience in his life. Many guys were forced to go there. They returned because they wanted to. This was the apogee of their life experiences. And there is nothing wrong or wrong. It was needed. “
Posted by: Adam Linehan
Original publication: Task & Purpose.com
Illustrations in the article: © Task & Purpose by Matt Battaglia
Translation and adaptation: PracticArms
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Senior staff member of the Task team & Purpose. In the period from 2006 to 2012, he served as a military medical officer.