Each mushroom picker is interested to know which mushrooms are found and grow in the forests, where he went in the morning with a basket. Most often, mushrooms go to the forest, and indeed, there you can find a lot of a wide variety of mushrooms. However, what this set will look like depends on the type of forest in which they grow..
What mushrooms grow in pine and spruce forests, edible, conditionally edible and poisonous mushrooms.
Common pine forest mushrooms.
Pure pine forests grow on very poor sandy soils. The composition of the species of mushrooms found in them depends not so much on the geographical location of the forest as on its age. In young pine plantings, starting from the second year, a late oiler appears. It grows in the grass between rows or under separate trees.
Yield of the oiler increases every year and becomes greatest when the planting age reaches 10-15 years, and then begins to fade. When the plantings grow so that grass disappears in them and the soil is covered with a layer of fallen needles, the oil can be found on the tubercles of raised needles. Late butterdish abundantly bears fruit for most of the summer in the same places. Giving 3-4, and in favorable years 5-6 harvests per season.
When the pine plantations are growing up, another oily fruiting mushroom, the greenfinch, replaces the oiler later. Greenfinchs grow in large groups, found in young, middle-aged and adult pine forests, in lowlands in the middle of dense shady pine forests. Where they can be found in the slightly elevated tubercles of fallen needles, and in the forest glades illuminated by the sun.
Gray plowing is often found on flat places in pine plantations, and a pine variety of porcini mushroom with a yellow-brown hat and a relatively thin, almost cylindrical pedicle also grows. White mushroom usually grows along the edge of plantings, along small depressions and ditches, but is also found among pine trees.
What mushrooms are in pine plantations.
In pine plantations, especially young ones, the autumn mushroom abundantly bears fruit, or real. Families of which grow around trunks or on stumps left during the sanitary clearing of pines. In young and middle-aged pine forests one can find groups of camelina. They grow in humid places in small depressions, on clearings, forest glades and edges, less often in pine aisles. Purple mokruha appears in such places at the end of summer and autumn..
Sometimes in young pine plantations you can find a motley blackberry. This mushroom is edible at a young age. Old mushrooms become stiff and bitter. In damp pine forests, on the outskirts of pine-covered sphagnum bogs, various moss-trees and goats grow. Here you can also find a swamp oiler, swamp russula, gray-pink lactarius.
In humid places, among moss, small rows grow in small groups. In young, middle-aged and old pine forests with a small admixture of birch, real foxes are found in large numbers. They bear fruit in the same places throughout the summer. In adult pine forests, bile fungus is found. It is not poisonous, but very bitter. At a young age, the bile fungus is easily mistaken for white. Therefore, to check, you can lick with the tip of the tongue the flesh of a suspicious mushroom.
What mushrooms are there in middle and older pine forests.
In the pine forests of middle and older age many different species of russula appear – yellow, blue-yellow, greenish, marsh, fragile, fragrant. In autumn, in moderately humid, mossy places, you can find black loads. Polish mushroom is found in mature pine forests, and grainy oiler is found on glades with rare adult pines.
In the forest glades, edges, among the thinned forest, a motley mushroom grows – one of the most delicious mushrooms – and a red mushroom umbrella. Also edible and tasty mushroom, especially at a young age. On the edges of the old pine forests, fly agaric gray-pink is often found – conditionally edible mushroom. In pine forests, overgrown with weeds, various types of talkers abundantly grow, often forming “witch rings”. Most of them are edible, although of poor quality, but there are also poisonous ones..
Of the poisonous mushrooms in the pine forests, there is a pale grebe and fly agaric – panther, red, grebe. On stumps, around dried trees in large groups, a poisonous false-foaming sulfur-yellow is found..
The pine forest, even with a small admixture of other tree species, is much richer in pure mushroom variety than pure pine forest. With an admixture of birch, there appear brown boletus, boletus, bruises, russula, volzhanka, whitewash and other milkmen. If there is an admixture of aspen and oak in the pine, an oak form of porcini mushroom appears there. The variety of russula is increasing. There are white loads, black breasts and other types of breasts.
Spruce Forest Mushrooms.
In pure spruce forests there are few varieties of mushrooms. In young spruce forests along with pine saffron you can meet spruce mushroom. Paler and thinner, with carrot-red milky juice. Govorushki grow here, often forming “witch circles”. In sparse middle-aged forests, a spruce fungus grows, both in open sunny meadows and in the spruce itself, although it prefers bright places along the edge of the forest.
Spruce forests are also preferred by some species of russula – blue and blue-yellow – growing in groups under adult spruce trees. In mature spruce forests, a lump of yellow is found. It grows in small groups in mossy wet places of forest glades, along streams and along the slopes of ravines. In the second half of summer, under spruce trees, among heather and moss, you can meet spruce.
Royal mushroom grows from poisonous mushrooms in spruce forests. Large mushroom with an orange-yellow hat. In humid places, cobwebs are very common. Among them there are many inedible and poisonous species that are difficult to distinguish from edible, therefore it is better not to touch the cobwebs.
Along streams and ravines, on moist lawns, often near mushrooms, a poisonous reddish talker grows. In the forests, on the fringes, on the glades overgrown with grass, a thin pig is often found, recently referred to as poisonous mushrooms..
Based on materials from the book Mushrooms. We collect, grow, harvest.
Zvonarev N. M.