Going to the sea, especially in foreign countries, remember that you can return home not only with joyful memories. Sea waters have their inhabitants, communication with which can lead to unpleasant consequences. The bite of jellyfish is one of the most common results of such contact. In such a situation, it is better to have at least minimal information and know what to do if the jellyfish stung.
- How does the jellyfish bite
- 2 Symptoms and manifestations after the bite of a jellyfish
- 3First help what to do after a jellyfish bite
- 4What is strictly forbidden to do after a bite
- 5How to treat a jellyfish bite
- 5.1Drug treatment
- 5.2 Popular medicine, what to do if you are stung by a jellyfish, but there are no medicines
- 6 Possible complications
- 7Preventive measures
How does the jellyfish bite
At first glance, jellyfish are innocuous creatures that can be admired at the depths of the sea or near the shore. But, not everything is as rosy as it seems at first glance. Of course, there are individuals harmless to humans, but there are those who can thoroughly spoil the rest on the Cote d’Azur. From the bite of a jellyfish, the consequences are very serious.
Poisonous individuals are mainly found abroad. Relatively innocuous Aurelia, Cornerotus and Mnemiopsis live in the Black Sea waters. However, they are able to deliver discomfort.
Jellyfish sting their nematocysts, stinging cells, which are endowed with all intestinal cavities. Thus, they are protected from enemies and get their own food. Stings contain toxic substances that cause many painful sensations and other unpleasant manifestations.
The stinging cells end in sensitive hairs, contact with which provokes the ejection of a long sharp thread that penetrates human skin. When penetrating the body, the tip of the filament breaks off, and the poison contained in it gradually penetrates into the epidermal layers. Typically, toxins cause nerve symptoms. More serious consequences depend on the type of jellyfish.
Symptoms and manifestations after the bite of a jellyfish
The characteristics of burns of certain types of jellyfish include slowly developing symptoms. The first signs may appear an hour after the bite. It was then that comes the maximum concentration of poison in the blood, and until that time, people are unaware of the danger. In order not to waste time and immediately take action, you need to know what the jellyfish bite looks like.
External signs of burn are the same for all types of intestinal cavities, but they manifest themselves with different intensity. This redness in the area of damage, skin hyperemia, the formation of small red eruptions or blisters, which can then be filled with fluid and form bruises. If you are stung by a jellyfish slightly poisonous, then such manifestations will be less sensitive. A person feels itching and a strong burning sensation, a sharp pain up to loss of consciousness when in contact with ocean dwellers. Toxins of the most dangerous species of jellyfish are able to leave numerous scars, ulcers and ulcers in the affected areas. Penetrating into the skin, the poison will gradually cause a general allergic reaction from other systems of vital activity:
- nausea, dizziness, and vomiting;
- muscle cramps and cramps;
- pelvic and abdominal pain;
- paralysis of the diaphragm;
- arrhythmia and increased pressure;
- interruptions in breathing;
- sweating and general malaise.
In severe cases, anaphylactic shock, coma and even death may occur. If the pain does not go away, and the unpleasant symptoms worsen, you should immediately consult a doctor. This condition is especially dangerous for children and the elderly.
First aid, what to do after the bite of a jellyfish
Most jellyfish bites cause nothing more than discomfort and do not require medical intervention. But if you observe in yourself or another victim a manifestation of a strong allergic reaction, the rash has spread to a large area of the body, or the bite has been produced by a particularly poisonous individual, then the minutes of delay can end badly. It is important to know what a jellyfish burn looks like in order to immediately begin therapeutic interventions. First aid for a jellyfish bite is as follows:
- carefully and slowly need to get out of the water. Panic and sudden movements will accelerate the absorption of toxic substances into the blood;
- remove remnants of tentacles from skin. The stinging cells remaining in the body can introduce an additional portion of poisonous substances into you and aggravate the situation. They are cleaned with a plastic card, blunt part of a knife, nail file or other suitable object. You can’t take them with bare hands. Carefully lift the tentacles and remove them from the surface of the body;
- Wash the place of the jellyfish burn well with salted sea water or saline solution. Shaving foam is also suitable. Such methods stop the spread of poison. What to do if the jellyfish stung in the eye? Rinse immediately under running water in large quantities. The mucous membranes are particularly sensitive to toxic substances;
- ice attached to the affected area will reduce pain and reduce swelling. If the pain is burning, you can apply antihistamines and painkillers;
- to remove toxins will help gauze compress soaked in ammonia or apple cider vinegar. If not, you can use vegetable oil or sugar syrup;
- drink as much water as possible. The liquid will contribute to the rapid flushing of toxins from the body.
After giving first aid for a jellyfish bite, you should take a horizontal position in the shade and move less. Even if the first therapeutic measures led to the relief of the condition, it is not recommended to refuse medical help. Symptom calm can resume with a new force. This is especially true of getting toxins in the eye, mouth and other mucous membranes.
What is absolutely forbidden to do after a bite
Lack of awareness leads to abnormal actions on the part of the victim and subsequent complications. It is strictly forbidden to rub the affected areas, even if they are very itchy. Such actions will lead to a surge of blood and activation of stinging cells. The poison in them starts to stand out faster and penetrate the skin.
Do not use fresh water to wash your burns. This is due to the fact that stinging cells under the action of water, the salinity of which is lower than the salinity of seawater, begin to disintegrate very quickly and release toxins abundantly. Fresh water can be used if all remnants of tentacles have been removed from the skin.
No matter how urinotherapy is promoted when a jellyfish bites, it is not advisable to do so. You do not know the percentage of salinity of urine and if it is not sufficient, you can exacerbate the situation. Also in the urine may contain microorganisms that, when released into an open wound, can cause infection.
Processing a bite with iodine or brilliant green will increase irritation and inflammation, extending them to healthy skin. Do not try to stifle the unpleasant manifestations of alcohol. This will trigger the spread of poison inside.
How to treat a jellyfish bite
Only a specialist can correctly assess the situation and tell how and how to treat a burn from a jellyfish. Combined therapy with the use of external and internal drugs will solve the problem, and within 5-10 days you will forget about the trouble that has happened to you. In parallel with the drugs for the treatment of a bite, you can use traditional medicine.
To remove the external symptoms of jellyfish bites in the form of a rash and itching, creams, gels, topical ointments containing antihistamines such as Bepantin, Trimistin, Dermoveit, Panthenol and corticosteroids – Hydrocortisone , Advantan, Akriderm. Allergic reactions are treated with “Citrine”, “Fenistil”, “Eden”. Local therapy is supported by anti-inflammatory drugs – “Voltaren”, “Baneotsin”.
In severe cases, when there is angioedema and anaphylactic manifestations prescribed “Medopred” or “Dexamethasone.” Muscle spasms are removed by injections with “no-spa”. If there are complications, you will have to take antibiotics, for example, Neosporin.
Traditional medicine, what to do if you are stung by a jellyfish, but there are no medicines
You were bitten by a jellyfish, but there are no doctors or a pharmacy nearby. How to eliminate a burn from a jellyfish and how to treat in such cases? You can relieve symptoms and alleviate the condition with the help of traditional medicine.
- Salt and soda paste. Mix them in equal quantities and add water to make the paste consistency. Apply to the affected area with a thick layer and leave to dry completely. After that, remove the dried mixture with a napkin. Do such procedures once a day for three days.
- Mix flour and fine salt in the ratio of 5: 1, add a spoonful of water and knead the stiff dough. Form a cake out of it, attach it to the burned area and secure with a plaster. Leave the dressing for 2 hours then remove. Continue to apply the compound daily after being bitten by a jellyfish, the symptoms should go away after a week. Before each procedure, make a fresh cake.
- Prepare a jellyfish bite ointment from the ground root of carrots, aloe leaves, egg white, lemon juice and tomato juice. Mix everything well until smooth and apply to a stung place. It is necessary to change the composition as it dries. After two days of such lotions, the symptoms should disappear.
If you see that self-treatment does not bring results and, moreover, complications have arisen, immediately consult a doctor.
The most tragic complications of a jellyfish bite can be coma and death. This is especially true of cases of contact with particularly poisonous species. Then emergency medical assistance should be provided in the first minutes. The less tragic consequences include itching, which appeared a month after the burn or non-healing scars and wounds. In this case, you will also need expert advice.
To protect yourself from the bite of a jellyfish you need to follow some recommendations. Going on vacation, read about the types of jellyfish that live in the region that you plan to visit. So you will know in advance how they look, and what consequences can be expected after contact with them.
Do not swim in places with large concentrations of intestinal cavities. One or two individuals can still be swum up, but bypassing the whole flock will be problematic.
Do not swim up too close to the jellyfish. The tentacles of some species may be very long and too thin to view in muddy water. In such situations, the risk of being stung increases.
Do not bathe in storms or large waves. Scraps of tentacles that have retained their toxicity may lie in wait for you already near the shore.
Do not let your guard down in a warm sea or ocean. The transparent body of a jellyfish can visually dissolve in water and contact with it will be inevitable. If you are going to the beach, make sure that they can provide you with timely assistance, or take with you a minimum set of pharmacies.