Bronchial asthma usually worsens in response to triggering factors: allergens, cold air, exercise or infection. During an attack of bronchial asthma, the lumen of the airways, through which air enters the lungs and back, narrows due to muscle spasm. Their mucous membrane swells, thickens and secretes thick mucus, which further impedes the movement of air up to the threat of life. Timely provided first aid for an attack of bronchial asthma can save the patient.
What to do with an attack of bronchial asthma, how to cope with attacks of bronchial asthma, the prevention of attacks, inhalers, spacers, nebulizers.
Sensations of the victim.
Shortness of breath, often accompanied by coughing and sometimes wheezing.
What to look for.
The nature of the cough (wet or dry), especially at night.
What to do with an attack of bronchial asthma.
Help the victim sit comfortably with a slight bend forward and rest on their hands. This position makes breathing easier and improves lung function. Calm and reassure the victim.
If the patient has a medication for an asthma attack prescribed by a doctor, help him use it (usually inhalers). If improvement does not occur or an attack of bronchial asthma worsens, immediately call an ambulance.
While waiting for an ambulance, help the victim do 4 inhalations every 4 minutes. It is advisable through the dispenser to ensure that the full dose is inhaled. If the victim faints, cardiopulmonary resuscitation may be necessary before the arrival of care to save life..
How to deal with bronchial asthma.
An asthma attack can cause death. Therefore, it is necessary to provide the victim with first and professional medical care as soon as possible..
A cure for asthma should always be at hand to apply at the first sign of an attack..
You should see your doctor regularly to adjust your treatment regimen..
If the attacks are provoked by allergens, you should take a “protective” medicine in advance in case of contact with these substances..
If attacks are provoked by physical activity, you should constantly engage in physical education, taking breaks only on the recommendation of a doctor. Exercise can improve overall health and thus reduce the frequency of asthma attacks..
For asthma caused by physical exertion, the doctor prescribes special medications that must be taken before exercise.
Prevention and relief of asthma attacks.
To prevent and relieve asthma attacks, many drugs are used. As a rule, inhaler vials to prevent asthma attacks are brown, cream, red or yellow. And spray cans of drugs for stopping attacks in blue or gray colors.
These devices help the patient inhale the exact amount of medicine. They come in several types, from small ones (they are convenient to carry with you) to large ones (not portable, but allowing you to use the medicine more effectively). Some inhalers have a built-in spacer..
In severe cases, a nebulizer may require a special compressor, through which the medicine enters the respiratory tract in the form of tiny droplets through a mask. Such devices operate on the mains or on batteries. You can carry the last with you.
Based on the book Ambulance, home directory of emergency conditions.