We all know that unexpected situations such as hurricanes, summer or winter storms, tornadoes, earthquakes, etc. They can happen at any time, throughout the year. This is especially true in areas prone to such disasters. The higher the risk for a specific area, the better it should be prepared. It is not about whether they fear or fear these natural disasters, but about the preparation. The more knowledge and time spent on preparation, the less panic and fear occurs when something unexpected happens.
You need to trust something, and that is as much the knowledge of such emergencies as the survival kit. You can compile one yourself or buy it online. Whatever your choice, you should follow some guidelines about what is a need in the survival kit. And another thing, do not just buy it, and then forget it. You should take note of each and every element of the kit and know how, why and when to use it when the situation occurs. Here we will help you by guiding you through all the vital elements and giving you a more detailed description of each one.
Specific preparation of the season.
The optimal decision is to be prepared for each season. Whether this is necessary or not depends on you. You still need to know some details about the two main seasons. If you need to be prepared for the summer, you should know that you may need to be prepared for floods, heavy rains, summer storms and hurricanes, strong destructive winds and, in extreme cases, you may need to leave your home. That’s where the survival kit can be of great help.
You may need to spice specific items that you will need in addition to the rest of your kit: sunscreen, umbrella, towels or blankets, insect repellent.
The winter survival kit can have elements related to the season, which have nothing to do with sun protection and insect repellents. You may need items such as additional clothing, both waterproof and windproof, with warm layers such as lycra and wool, folding shovel, etc.
It’s good to be aware of the details of the season. We will include all the elements and mention if each is specific for summer or winter, to help you better plan your 3-day survival kit. Of course, it is easier to prepare a four-station survival kit, to avoid confusion when a disaster occurs. Therefore, you can act immediately and skip the scandal.
What do you have to put in a survival kit?
So here comes the big question. What do you really have in the 3-day survival kit?
- Water. It is not surprising that water is the most important element that must be taken into account. Humans can not survive more than 3 days without water. Dehydration kills faster than starvation. To avoid dehydration, an adult needs at least 1 liter a day. So, since we are preparing a 3-day survival kit, you will need at least 3 liters.
It is highly recommended to find space in the bag for a water purification system, in case your survival situation continues for more than 3 days. In this way you can look for water sources and purify the water, to avoid catching any disease. Dirty water can be as deadly as water can not. Consider water for each member of the family, if any.
- Food. Second on the list is, of course, the food. You can find food that lasts for months, even years. A good idea for long-term foods is energy bars, canned foods, dried fruits such as resins, dates, nuts, chocolate bars, powdered soups that can be mixed with hot or boiled (purified) water. Anything that lasts long and is light is perfect. If you bring canned food with you, do not forget the spoons, forks and knives. The most important, however, is the can opener.
Find the easiest to handle. Try it at home first. You can even try several and try them, to see which is the easiest and the safest.
- Clothing. Without saying it, good clothes are a lifesaver. It does not matter if it’s winter or summer, you should add warm clothing to your survival kit. You will need the following things:
- Waterproof shoes or boots When looking for it, the best idea is to opt for boots of four seasons. They can be similar to trekking boots.
- Waterproof and windproof pants. It does not matter if there is flood or snow of 3 meters, if your pants are resistant to wind and wind, they will help you enormously.
- At least two pairs of socks. The best idea is to get wool socks. They keep the skin well ventilated and hot at the same time.
- Underwear made of lycra. It keeps the skin dry and hot.
- Windproof and waterproof jacket. This follows the same idea as with the pair of pants. You need to be protected from the elements.
- Warm hat and a handkerchief. There are many applications for a handkerchief. It can be used for a hat, scarf, small bag, wristband or knee band, to wrap around wounds, etc.
- Coat. It may happen that during 3 days you have to be completely exposed to the weather. Whatever it is, there are certainly tools to help you survive. The easiest and most compact shelter on the market is the canvas. Depending on the size you choose, the canvas can be light or a little heavier. If you have a large family that you want to protect, better get as much as possible.
The excess part can be used for stabilization, binding, etc. There are many ways and methods to build a good shelter using a tarp. Another option is to buy a store. The tents tend to be heavier and not so compact, but if you prefer, add it to your survival kit. Do not forget to add some sleeping pads have your land dry. There are very compact pads in the market.
Depending on the weather, a sleeping bag It can be of vital importance to save lives. If it’s winter and you’re totally exposed to the weather, a sleeping bag will save you. Even if you just wrap yourself with that, to keep you warm. If it’s summer and you do not expect low temperatures, a tarp and good warm clothes may be enough. Consider your situation and prepare a sleeping bag if necessary.
- First aid kit. However, another must have to add to your list. If you already have a first aid kit, verify that all items are present. Consider adding or removing (dis) necessary items, such as those that are due, batteries that were not used for more than three months, etc. There are many first aid kits on the market, but it is always a good idea to build your own. You will be much more familiar with it than any other person, and it is customizable. Here are some suggestions:
- Basic supplies – duct and adhesive tape; bandages and bandages; antibiotic antiseptic cream, cotton balls; disposable gloves (synthetic); lubricant (for example, petroleum jelly); plastic bags; scissors (find the small and compact ones); Disinfected soap or handkerchiefs; thermometer; Gauze pads of various sizes.
- Medications: activated charcoal (indicate how to use it beforehand); aloe vera gel; medication against diarrhea; antihistamine; aspirin or other over-the-counter pain reliever; another medication if you have special conditions; medication in case of allergic attack; medicine cup or small spoon.
- Emergency supplies: list of all emergency telephone numbers, both national and local; medical history of all members of your family, including your medical consent forms; flashlight and batteries for it (including an additional set); matches; sunscreen (can be important throughout the year, mainly in the summer seasons);
We advise that you also add a first AIDS manual, You need to know how to use each item, when and what item is best for each situation.
Besides all that, it is a very good idea to get a large plastic bag in which to place all the items listed. This will be extremely important in conditions of rain, flood and humidity. If half of your supply gets wet it will be totally useless.
What else will you need?
- Survival tools. Here are included: compact knife, lighter, matches and / or flashlight (can be part of your first aid kit) and several additional sets of batteries, cooking tools, such as a small compact kitchen, a kind of defense weapon. Like a bigger knife or a gun. It does not matter if you are in civilization or in nature, you may have to defend yourself. Disaster situations can get out of control and you should be prepared.
- Mobile phone. It may not be necessary to say it, but it is a good reminder that you should know that a cell phone can help you locate it. If a GPS system is activated, the rescue mission will not take long to find it. Also carry a battery charger and even several batteries for your specific cell phone or smartphone model. Another idea is to get a solar panel.
- Maps and compass. Equip yourself with a map of your area (or the area where you are) and a compass. Teach yourself how to use a map and a compass, if you have not already done so. In case you have damaged or lost your cell phone or smart phone, and can not use a GPS system, the outdated map and compass can be of great importance.
- Whistle. A good way to give a signal to your rescue team. It is also a good way to communicate with your family members. If everyone has a whistle, you can create a message system to communicate while you are at great distances. For example, when you investigate an area or look for food / water / shelter, and you are divided into teams.
- Poncho or another rain clothes. It does not matter if you have a waterproof jacket, if the situation is too extreme, a poncho can always be useful. Sometimes, even the best waterproof jacket can let the water through. But the ponchos, which are made entirely of plastic, can not. The only drawback is that it can trigger a condensation effect beneath it, but since ponchos are usually large and spacious, this may be a minor concern.
- Towels, sheets and blankets.. We already mentioned the sleeping pad, but we also need to mention the towels and the sheets. They can be used in various situations.
- Reflective band. If it does not have active light, a reflective one can be of great help. Do not miss it.
- Nylon rope. It is light and extremely important. It has several applications. From joining things, to building a trap, and even saving lives. Add to this Fishing hooks And you can even capture your own food in case something happens to your survival food.
- Sewing needle Y Nylon thread. In combination, they can help sew damaged clothes and also open wood (which must be disinfected).
Easy damages are matches and various electronic devices, including clothes and towels.
You must definitely keep them perfectly dry.
What to consider when buying your kit in store?
One important thing is to prepare your kit depending on how many members of your family do you have. You may want to have all the necessary items in a single bag or distribute them evenly among the adult members (you, your spouse and a teenager). If the adult members are only you and your partner, distribute that burden between the two of you. Children should not carry anything to avoid unnecessary loading. They may lose some items or even the entire bag. Plan your load well.
It is good to decide if you want to reuse the survival kit or just keep the items at one time. If you plan a 3-day survival kit, pay more attention to items that can be used more than once, preferably for at least 3 days. Do not consider the 3-day survival kit as a one-time thing. Make it part of your life and get used to it. Teach younger family members to use it too.
Be careful do not overload yourself. You can think of thousands of reasons why you should take this or that element, but you run the risk that your survival equipment is too heavy to be considered a survival. It will slow you down and exhaust you in case you need to walk for miles. Stick to the previous list and consider the conditions of the disaster.
Consider the ambient. When night comes, you must be prepared to choose a place of refuge. During the winter season, you can choose to build your shelter under a tree. If you are in the forest, also light a fire, to repel wild animals. During the summer, the shelter is especially good against the strong sun, so, again, the trees can save it from the heat. In a rainy season, any place can be dangerous. However, try to look for elevated areas, such as buildings, in case of flooding.
If there is a thunderstorm, move away from tall buildings and hide under roofs, not trees. Although lightning does not only impact tall buildings and roofs, it is safer in the lower parts of buildings and houses. Use your flashlight and look for the best area to spend the night. Stay together. Tie the members of your family so that no one gets lost in the darkness, fog, wind, etc.
When you have to leave your home or your home quickly, do not forget to take some cash. This is important, since machines and ATMs can be out of service and the credit card can not be used. Save small bills (you will not buy expensive things or food, and you will not worry about the change). If you are stuck in other public buildings, you may want to have coins, in case there is a food machine, and do not accept cash or credit cards.
If you have a baby, You must absolutely consider that and prepare everything necessary. toiletries to take care of it Do not forget extra clothes, baby food, diapers, etc. Even a good idea is a toy to keep your baby distracted, or at least to help him fall asleep.
Do not forget any of your personal documents. We already mentioned the medical records, but you must add them to the insurance documents, bank account numbers, identification cards, passports, credit cards. Keep them in a plastic bag with a zipper. Make sure that the water can not penetrate it. Check for damage or holes in the plastic bag, or get a new one.
One easily neglected thing is any pet you may have. Some people abandon their pets and expect them to survive in some way. If you can not leave your four-legged companion you may want to add several more elements to your survival kit. These include water and food, the amount depends on the size of the animal; strap, to make sure it is not lost or dragged by strong currents; Protective life jacket.
In case the animal gets lost and is dragged by the water currents, it will stay above the surface and will be able to breathe. Get a life jacket with reflective stripes for better chances of survival. Do not forget the identification of the pet, immunization and medical records. If you have a cat, get a cage or another carrier.
At first glance, all this information can be overwhelming, but it certainly saves lives. If you make an adequate list according to your family status and carefully consider the weather conditions and the specific details of the season in your area, you have great chances of survival. Try some of the tools, go to a test expedition for 3 days and check in practice if you need to add something to the previous list. You may be faced with a specific situation in your area that needs special preparation.
Learn to use a map and a compass. It’s often an overlooked skill, but it’s definitely worth it. You can also read about the oldest ways to find your location, for the stars, for example. The 3-day survival kit will provide you with all the tools necessary for survival, but you must also equip yourself with knowledge and experience.