To know where and which mushrooms to collect at different times of the year, you need to understand the mechanism of their appearance and growth. The vegetation of many plants is largely due to heat. The better the weather, the faster the growth. Mushrooms have their own quirks. It was found that the mycelium of most species begins to develop, usually at 20-25 degrees. The fruiting body begins to develop 6-10 degrees below the temperature that is required for the mycelium. This drop is an indispensable condition for the appearance of mushrooms..
Where and what mushrooms to collect in spring, May, summer, June, July and August, autumn, September, October and November, with the onset of frost, mushroom calendar.
Each type of mushroom has its own growth time. So, some of them, morels, for example, paint over within one to two weeks, and then disappear until the next year. Other summer mushrooms, chanterelles, brown boletus, boletus, and some others last from May to autumn frosts..
, near young sticks, aspen, on loamy and sandy loamy soil morels come out at the same time: soft cream, in the form of a toy bucket, tipped upside down on a slender, long leg.
Where and what mushrooms to look for by the end of May.
By the end of May there are more morels. They are found both in the light birch forest, and in the rare spruce forest, in the craps, abandoned forest roads, at the roots of fallen decrepit birches, twisted fir trees with wind. It happens that next to them, contrary to all terms, stand porcini mushrooms. In the May forest, on meadows and pastures, the medium sized May Kalotsib is found with a cream or white hat on a round leg, slightly distributed to the root,.
Kalotsibe is a little-known edible mushroom. It is usually used fresh for soup or a side dish for meat dishes. In the same places, the May mushroom is adjacent to Kalotsib. In adulthood, it is two times more solid than a fellow, but somewhat darker: the hat is creamy, yellowish or off-white. After collecting and processing it can be immediately, without even boiling, in a pan.
Where and what mushrooms to collect at the end of spring.
In the forest, another addition of oyster mushroom. It grows in large families, weaving its legs in bunches, on stumps, dead trees or weakened deciduous trees. Oyster mushroom is noticeable from afar: as if a lot of pretty gray ears have grown at the tree.
Where and what mushrooms to look for in the June forest.
In June, you can stumble upon yellow-yellow summer mushrooms. They densely dot the old birch and spruce stumps; it happens that they scatter along the fallen trunks. At the fringes at this time there are already brown boletus, the spruce and pine undergrowth are oily. Other russula mushrooms appear in the forest, green mushrooms.
What mushrooms to collect in mid-June.
There is a white mushroom, oak trees, brown boletus, boletus, russula, butterfish, chanterelles crawl out of the ground.
Where and what mushrooms to collect in late June and early July.
Mushrooms climb into moss and grass, under the Christmas trees. There, the earth also warmed up, and there was more moisture. White lasts ten days, then disappears. In July, at the top of the summer, they are replaced by other mushrooms, threshing mushrooms, mushrooms, garlic with a yellow hat, blackheads, white loads.
Where and what mushrooms can be in July.
July is usually balanced, but sudden changes occur. Thunderstorms give way to sweltering heat. The mushroom picker should also adapt to the weather whirl. Mushrooms were exhausted in the pripe and in small forests feed into the mature forest, look for them in the grass, tail, in mosses. Ended in a birch, go to spruce, pine. Mushrooms do not come across on uvals and hills can be in lowlands, near forest streams, swamps in a word, in those places that you usually go around.
Where and what mushrooms grow in August.
August is only slightly inferior to July in heat. Porcini mushrooms, chanterelles, green brooms, mushrooms, russules begin to appear in oak forests. In the hollows, where the yellow oak trees are wetter. In the birch forest there are white ones, chanterelles, russula, thrush, brown boletus and others. Pine forest is also full of russula, yellow-brown moss fly, greenfinch.
Where and what mushrooms grow in September.
September is volatile in temperament and much of a quirk, a common occurrence in September, a sharp cooling. Often, after the first frosts, sunny weather sets in. It is the turn of numerous autumn mushrooms: ceps, mossy mushrooms, mushrooms, saffron milk mushrooms, boletus boletus, boletus, russula, chanterelles etc. Mushrooms at this time, firmer, more nutritious than their summer predecessors and are most suitable for harvesting.
Where and what mushrooms to look for with the onset of frost.
With the onset of frost, the growth of mushrooms does not stop. White, brown boletus, chanterelles, mushrooms, butterflies, russula, saffron milk stick for a long time. They hide under the fallen leaves, in the moss, and they are difficult to find. In addition, at this time, the mushrooms freeze through and lose their taste, and after thawing, poison can form in some species. But the winter cold weather is nothing. They appear with the first frosts on stumps and old dead trees by large families. The most amazing is always fresh. The frost will freeze, become glassy, and a little thaw grow again. Damage to them usually does not happen.
Based on materials from the book Handbook mushroom picker.