A kerosene lamp is an indispensable tool in a hike for lighting when there is no flashlight or it has batteries. She is not afraid of wind or frost, will help illuminate the path at night, give lighting when the fire goes out. However, it must be borne in mind that this is a source of non-directional lighting, and it will not be possible to light the road beyond one or two meters. If consumables are over, making a wick for a kerosene lamp is easy to do with your own hands, just like the lamp itself.
- What to make a wick for a kerosene lamp
- 1.1 Sock wick
- 1.2 Coal wick for a kerosene lamp
- 2 Wick for a kerosene lamp do it yourself
What to make a wick for a kerosene lamp
In the past, kerosene lamps contained asbestos cloth wicks. Today, it is little used, since asbestos during combustion produces a large amount of carcinogens. Cotton wicks came to replace him.
Therefore, factory wicks today are easy to find a replacement. The main thing is that they do not contain artificial fibers, since the fabric will spark or melt, in addition, they must be woven from several rows of threads in order for the wick to be well saturated with fuel and keep the fire for a long time. The weaving of the fabric makes the flame easier to climb up the microcapillaries.
If you make a wick out of woven cotton fabric, it will burn faster, kerosene will evaporate faster and stay less in the fibers.
The easiest, “marching” version of making the wick is made of a sock. To do this, it must be twisted to a sufficient thickness so that it does not burn through immediately. Top wick should not form a fringe. It must be completely saturated with kerosene or oil, dipped in a regular tin can.
Using the old sock as a wick, you can make an oil silt kerosene lamp with your own hands from an ordinary light bulb. To do this, carefully open the copper disk on its base and remove the central part with pliers. You may not be able to completely remove it, then you will have to remove it in parts, breaking it with a screwdriver. The main thing with this – to maintain a coherent glass surface of the lamp.
If the lamp is white-coated, you can remove it with salt, a tablespoon of which you need to pour into the flask and shake. The fixture for the wick is a disc cut from an aluminum can. In the center of the disk you need to make a hole. A narrow strip is cut from the old sock, while it should not be scattered on the fibers, it can be twisted. The filter is passed through a hole in the aluminum disk, and its long end goes down into the bulb. It is necessary to pour kerosene into it and wait until the sock wick is completely soaked with it. He must peek out from the flask for about one centimeter, otherwise he will smoke.
In order to be able to tighten the wick as it burns, its end is fixed with a wire twisted by a spiral. So that it does not smoke, it is recommended to moisten it with vinegar before installation.
Carbon Wick for Kerosene Lamp
An alternative to the fabric wick can be coal. To do this, take a piece of charcoal, process it, giving the shape of a little finger with a length of 2-3 cm. In this case, the fiber should be placed along the wick.
After that, the workpiece must be impregnated with heated paraffin to give strength. Then ember wrapped with metal foil, which will not allow him to burn with a large flame. One part of the wick should be left uncovered, protruding 5 mm above the foil.
Further, a holder is formed from the same foil, clip or wire, which is wound around the coal billet. The end of the holder is crooked to hang on the edge of a glass container with oil. In the walls of the foil wrapping the ember, you need to make holes for the fuel to reach the wick. It is desirable that the open surface of the coal was on the same level with the fuel. Homemade lamp is ready, you can set fire to a carbon wick.
Wick for kerosene lamp do it yourself
Wick for kerosene lamps should consist only of natural fiber. It can be a lace, a cotton piece of cloth, a piece of insole with cellulose composition, a sock. Wool fabric is not suitable for this role.
To create a simple wick, you will need a wire from 1 mm, a cord made of natural material. If there is no lace, you can twist a piece of cotton fabric several times. One end of the wire needs to be clamped with pliers, and start winding it in such a way that something like a spring with a diameter of 1 cm with five or six turns and a distance between them of 2 mm is obtained. The last coil should be wider than the others; it will hold the entire spiral with the cord in an upright position.
The other end of the wire is crooked. The cord is inserted into the wire, its end (5-8 mm) is clamped by the upper turn. Then it is placed inside a glass jar with oil, with which the wick should be impregnated, the hook is thrown on its edge. For the holder, you can pull out the cord to ignite.