For several thousand years of its history, people have used wild medicinal plants for their treatment, which help with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, poisoning, diarrhea and constipation.
Wild medicinal plants that help with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, poisoning, diarrhea and constipation.
Without hindering ourselves with Latin names and a detailed description of plant parts and mechanisms of therapeutic effect, we turn to the table below, which gives the names of plants, places of their growth, collection dates, which parts of the plant, how and in what cases to use.
The table shows that many medicinal plants can be used directly in their raw form, without prior preparation. But still, the majority is used in the form of an elementary decoction or infusion. Since the composition of the extract and the completeness of extraction of the necessary substances largely depend on the fineness of the used medicinal raw materials, the following simple rules should be followed.
From small particles, the extraction is the most complete and occurs much faster.
Too strong grinding gives a poor-quality extract with a lot of flakes, fiber and other insoluble substances.
Usually leaves, flowers, grass are crushed to particles not exceeding 5 mm; stems, bark, roots and rhizomes of not more than 3 mm; seeds and fruits – not more than 0.5 mm.
Most small flowers (chamomile, elderberry, yarrow, cornflower, violet, etc.) are not chopped..
|Title||Place and condition of growth||Pick time||Used part||Form of use||For what purposes is it used|
|Gastrointestinal tract diseases, poisoning, diarrhea, constipation.|
|Cinquefoil-Uzik (galangal, dubbing)||Glades, edges, pine forests, along river banks.||May-June, September-October||Rhizomes||Decoction||From diarrhea, with toothache, with bleeding.|
|Yarrow||Meadows, bushes.||June-October||Tops with inflorescences||Decoction||In case of poisoning, hemostatic.|
|Orchis slamate, spotted (cuckoo’s tears), two-leafed love (night violet)||Forest glades, bright forests, damp places.||June July||Tubers (young, daughter)||Decoction||With poisoning by poisons, intestinal infections, from toothache, as an anti-inflammatory agent.|
|Sedum scum||On dry places, sand, in the steppes, deserts and semi-deserts.||In summer during flowering||Leaves and Stems||Leaf juice||As a laxative, in abscesses.|
|Bird cherry||Forest edges in riverine forests.||July August||Fruit||Decoction||For indigestion, antimicrobial.|
|Highlander||Along the banks of rivers and lakes||July-October||Grass||Decoction||As a laxative, increases blood coagulability, constricts blood vessels, enhances heart activity.|
|Narrow-leaved fireweed||On the fringes, burns along the outskirts of the swamps.||July August||Leaves||Decoction||Gastrointestinal tract diseases, headache, anti-inflammatory.|
|Hypericum perforatum||Meadows, river valleys, forest glades and fringes on the hills, in bushes.||July||Flowers and thin stems||Decoction||Bowel disorders, toothache, sore throat, skin diseases.|
|Buckthorn Buckthorn||Southern areas of the taiga zone, along river valleys and pebbles.||Aug. Sept||Leaves and branches||Broth, juice||Bowel disorders.|
|Medicinal dandelion||Everywhere||September October||Roots||Decoction||Gastrointestinal, prismatic bite diseases relieves intoxication.|
|Hemophilus officinalis||On glades, in woodlands, along river banks||September||Rhizome||Dry and fresh, broth||Antiperspirant, antimicrobial, hemostatic.|
Iotvar infusions are prepared in such a way that 100 ml of extract is obtained from 10 parts of plant material. For example, to get 100 ml of decoction or infusion, you need to fill in about 10 parts of the crushed plant with 120-125 parts of water, taking into account that part of the water will be absorbed by the plant material. This is the rule for all types of medicinal plants containing tannins (oak bark, blueberries), essential oils (mint leaves, chamomile flowers, St. John’s wort), saponins (licorice roots), vitamins (rose hips, black currants, raspberries).
Hoods for external use make it more concentrated. Infusions and decoctions from the roots and rhizomes of potent plants, such as valerian, are obtained at the rate of 1 part of raw material per 30 parts of water. You should not prepare infusions and decoctions in metal utensils, under the influence of metals, the chemical composition of the extract can change and it will lose its healing properties, and in some cases it can cause poisoning. It is best to use a water bath for their preparation..
The difference in the preparation of infusions and decoctions is small. The crushed vegetable raw materials for the preparation of the infusion are poured with the necessary amount of hot boiled water, closed with a lid or with something replacing it and heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes. Then the infusion is removed, cooled and insisted for at least 45 minutes. It is advisable to strain the cooled hood. If necessary, add boiled water to the desired volume. Unlike a decoction, the infusion can be stored for a little longer, but if stored in a dark, cool place and in non-metal dishes.
The broth is prepared in the same way as the infusion, but heated in a water bath for 30 minutes, then cooled for 30 minutes and filtered. Decoctions of bearberry leaves, rhizomes and roots of rhubarb, rhizomes of serpentine and cinquefoil, oak bark and buckthorn are best filtered immediately after removal from the water bath, preventing even the slightest cooling, since decoctions of them quickly become cloudy even at the slightest drop in temperature. All water extracts in the summertime are quickly damaged, and therefore they should not be harvested for future use, but rather for a day or two maximum.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of Survival.
Chernysh I. V.