Knowing what wild plants you can eat and other things to do when disasters occur will minimize the difficulties in surviving and allow you to live a normal daily life. It is unfortunate that we often can not see the problems looming on the horizon until it is already in front of us. Being prepared generally provides an adequate advantage for survival, not only in nature, but also in our own backyard. We must know what plant resources are available for us to use when the time is right.
The knowledge of plants and their primary uses are an integral part of survival skills, which are practical knowledge and are essential for survival.
Most of the plants that we do not know, which are scattered almost everywhere, are considered medicinal and suitable for human consumption. Taking free food from nature is considered an ability to be self-sufficient. We must know where to look and how to prepare edible wild plants provided by nature. Looking for plants that can be eaten or used for medicinal purposes depends on where we live. In humid and tropical regions, most edible wild plants can be found in clearings that have direct contact with the sun. In dry areas, most edible wild plants can be found near water.
Places that are cleaned or cleaned regularly often have edible plants that are not grown, such as dandelion, banana, wood sorrel and grass. The herb is edible with an intensely sweet and bitter taste. Lawn less than 6 “is easy to swallow, and those that are larger than 6” are often chewed to extract the juice and then spit out.
The herb can also be turned into juice using a manual wheatgrass juicer. Below are some edible wild plants that can be seen in the forest and that can be used safely for food or other medicinal purposes.
List of edible wild plants
Dandelion (taraxacum officinale)
Dandelion can be steamed whole. Their center greens that are young can be eaten raw. The best part of the plant is its flower.
The best way to eat the plant is to remove the green base of the flower to eliminate the white sap that is bitter. this is one of plants that you can eat in nature with leaves that have a sweet filling that you can find abundantly in nature.
Chickweed (stellaria media)
Chickweed plants are completely edible and all their parts can be eaten.
When eaten, chickweed tastes like sweet grass.
Wood sorrel (oxalis spp)
Whole wood sorrel plants can be consumed raw. It has a refreshing acid taste that is nice to the palette. Most sorrel variants have pink flowers. The stems can be eaten, but avoid the red part and the leaves because they are bitter. It is a common plant that can be seen generally in clearings, lawns and in the deep desert.
The consumption of this wild plant should be moderate because it has a high content of oxalic level, which can cause gastrointestinal diseases in large quantities.
Herbium (lamium ampllexicaule)
This is another wild plant that is totally edible and can be eaten raw. It tastes like soft mint with a tinge of a sweet flavor to grass. Before eating a Herbit, it is recommended that you avoid its stems by removing the upper parts.
The Herbio comes in a huge carpet, usually in the early days of the year.
Dead nettle (lamium purpureum)
It is a plant that is almost equal to grass and is eaten as the herbs are eaten.
It also grows in abundance like a large carpet on the ground, mainly during the spring.
Banana (plantago lanceolate)
The young leaves in the center of this plant are eaten raw and have a good salty taste.
The variety of English bananas and the common banana are very similar to each other.
Sowing thistle (sonchus spp)
Planting thistle is like dandelion, with yellow flowers that can be prepared in the same process and can be eaten raw.
Planting thistle is more thorny than dandelion.
Wild onion (allium spp)
Wild onion plants are commonly found in areas that are cut regularly.
Clusters of wild onions are commonly used as chives.
Watercress (cardamine spp)
Watercress is a wild plant that can often be seen in cities. It is part of the mustard family, therefore, when you eat the raw leaves; The taste would be like a slight mustard flavor.
Watercress plants are steamed like mustard greens.
Blackberries (Rubus fruticosus)
Most wild berries are not safe for human consumption, with the exception of berries that are 100% edible and safe. The blackberries have long, thin stems with green serrated leaves. They are abundant in spring and can be found grouped around their bush.
The berries are already ripe from the months of August to September.
Asparagus (asparagus officinalis)
Asparagus is found mainly in Europe and in some regions of North Africa. When this plant is swallowed it gives the urine a peculiar smell. Wild asparagus that have thinner stems are sold in grocery stores. This plant is a great source of vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6 and thiamine.
It is best to consume it when it is cooked or you can eat it raw, like the standard asparagus that we normally use to eat at home.
Elderberry bushes grow up to about 10 feet, which produces a large amount of food. It has 7 central leaves that extend from the stems that look long and irregular edges. The white flowers of this plant form a group that looks like an umbrella.
The berries of the elderberry plant are ripe for the month of September. Elderberries should be properly processed to prevent intoxication, but they can be used to treat the flu and colds. The berries can be processed into homemade jellies.
Pine comes in different varieties and species. It is a good source of food supply and can also be used for some medicinal purposes.
Native Americans use ground pine to treat scurvy. The pine is rich in vitamin C and can also be converted into tea by boiling a container with water and dropping some pine needles.
Kudzu (Puenraria lobata)
Most parts of kudzu are edible and have medicinal properties. It can be used to treat inflammations, migraines and headaches.
The leaves and roots of the plant can be boiled, steamed or eaten raw.
Daylily is a common plant that is scattered in many places. It has bright orange flowers with surrounding foliage that comes directly from the ground.
Flower buds can be eaten even before they open or can be cooked like any other common vegetable.
Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)
Pecan trees grow at an average of 20 feet to 30 feet in height. Others sometimes reach a height of 100 feet in height. The structure of the walnut leaf has a long and smooth edge. This plant has its origins in the south central part of North America.
Pecan trees found in nature can provide a stash of nutritious and abundant food.
Like nuts, hazelnuts are trees that grow up to 20 feet. Its leaves are bright green with pointed edges.
Hazelnuts mature in pods and are usually ripe from the months of September and October.
Walnuts (Juglans regia)
Walnut trees can be easily seen, as they grow into the tallest walnut trees in North America with a maximum height of 30 feet. Its leaves resemble the pecan nut tree, which grows on long stems that have about six to eight leaves on each side.
The nuts grow in bunches and are ready to be consumed in the fall.
Also known as oak nuts, acorns are bitter to taste. It can be easily recognized due to the shape of its shells, which is very different from the other nuts that grow on trees in nature.
The acorns should be cooked before eating and should only be eaten in small quantities.
Walnut Nuts (Carya)
Walnut trees grow about fifty feet to sixty feet in height. It has large leaves that look like a spear with pointed edges.
Walnuts have a round green shell and are ripe to eat in September or October of each year.
Clovers (Trifolium repens)
Clovers are edible and are usually seen anywhere. Where there is grass, you can be sure of finding clovers that sprout between them.
Trifolium is easy to see because they have distinctive leaves of trifoil and white flowers. This plant can be eaten raw; However, they would have a better flavor if you boiled them first.
Red Clovers (Trifolium pratense)
Red clovers abound in nature.
Its flowers or flowers can be eaten as they are or can be soaked in hot water to make tea. Its leaves and flowers can also be used in salads.
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
Chicory can usually be seen in North America, Australia and Europe. The whole plant is safe to eat including its blue flowers; Which can come in white or pink colors.
Chicory is known for its potency when used in internal parasites.
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)
The flowers along with the young leaves of this plant are edible. Diver flowers are eaten raw or can be mixed with salads to produce a good aromatic flavor. The head of the flower can be added to the honey and stored in a jar for a couple of weeks before it can be used as a cough medicine.
Coltsfoot honey can also be added to hot tea. Coltsfoot flower heads can also be dried and used as tea or for cooking. The leaves are bitter but can be used for salads and stews, just add lemon, seasoning and virgin oil.
It is known that Coltsfoot is a natural remedy for cough, however, prolonged use is not recommended unless the supplement is certified free from heparotoxic alkaloids of pyrrolizidine (free of PA), since it is said that the APs are mutagenic , carcinogenic and have the ability to increase blood pressure. Pregnant women should avoid rooster tea and should not be given to babies, as it damages the liver.
Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea)
Charlie’s young leaves can be eaten fresh or cooked according to your taste. The slight bitter taste of the leaves produces an aromatic spike that has a great flavor in salads and juices. Its leaves can be cooked like spinach that can be added to tortillas, stews and soups. Tea can be made from its dried or fresh leaves.
Studies show that this plant is added in beer as hops to improve clarity and taste. The common name for Charlie’s creep is ground ivy, earwig, alehoof, cat’s foot, field balm, robin and gill on the ground.
Tail of tail (Typha latifolia)
Americans commonly know this plant as punks. His name in England is reedmace and bullrush. This plant is typically found in freshwater wetlands. Totora have been a traditional part of the diets of Native American tribes, since the plant is edible. It can be eaten raw or boiled. Because the roots are underground, it is better to wash before eating.
The best part of the tail is the white part of the stem in the lowest part of the plant. Totora flowers can be eaten like corn during the first part of summer, and essentially taste like corn.
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
You can eat leaves, flowers, seeds and roots of garlic mustard. The leaves have a bitter taste and the flowers can be cut and put into salads.
When there are no flower stems, the roots of the plant that taste like horseradish can be harvested and used. Garlic mustard can be harvested in late fall and early spring.
Chickweed (Stellaria media)
The pamplines are eaten raw, but they can also be boiled before consumption.
These nutritious wild plants become visible during the months of May and July.
Hop clover (Trifolium campestre)
All parts of the hop clover can be used raw or processed for drinks and other foods.
Its flowers are used for tea, the seeds, which are harvested in autumn, can be ground into flour or eaten raw. While its leaves can be added to salads, juices, tortillas and sandwiches.
Herb Robert (Geranium Robertianum)
The parts of the Robert herb plant are edible. Its fresh leaves are used for tea or salads, while its flowers, roots and leaves are dried and kept for later use as tea or as a nutrient herb booster. The leaves can also be used to ward off mosquitoes by rubbing fresh leaves on the skin.
Robert’s whole plants are known to discourage deer and rabbits from gardens, offering a natural form of protection for cultivated plants.
Lovage beach (Ligusticum scoticum hultenii)
The raw leaves of the plant can be mixed in salads or added to soups and sauces. It could also be added to cooked green vegetables.
Celery on the beach tastes better before its flowers emerge, so its great flavor is often sought after for seasoning.
Shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
Young leaves from the shepherd’s bag plant can be added to salads, cooked vegetables or in soups for cooking. It can be mixed with any dish that requires cooking vegetables.
Its leaves can be eaten all summer, but its ripe leaves are not attractive, as they leave a spicy flavor on the tongue.
Research before eating any wild plant.
To fully understand how wild plants can help us survive, we must do some research and obtain a manual on plants to be our guide. This will help us determine which ones are safe and which ones are not. Suffice it to say that we must also know what the plant looks like, so it is vital to have a guide of wild plants at hand.
There may come a time when everything we have in nature is our guts and wit; Therefore, it is always better to remember to look for berries in trees. Most of the berries on the trees are edible; They are soft and look wrinkled. Also watch out for ornamental trees that have attractive flowers, as the flowers will often take you to edible berries, plums or wild apples.
Most nuts in nature are healthy and suitable for human consumption. Nuts can usually be found under trees. Acorns abound under oak leaves and can be consumed without the need for additional processes. It is also logical to observe that edible fruit trees can generally be found outdoors, mainly on roadsides, in forest clearings and in nearby bodies of water.
Keep in mind that fruit trees need the sun to carry them, so finding fruit trees in the depths of the forest is nil. The fruit trees that are commonly found outdoors are wild apples, persimmons, blackberries, etc.
There you have our simple guide on what plants to look for and you can eat in the desert if you get lost in the forest or if you just want to live with the abundance of nature.