Who said that the world is a jungle was absolutely right. To be more exact, we live our lives between two types of jungles: the urban world we build in our efforts to tame the world and the real wildlife that still exists, even if we do not have to deal with it every day, like our ancestors They had to do it.
Of course, each world is difficult in its own way, but there is a big difference between what we spend every day (taking the bus or fighting for a taxi) and survival in nature. It may not look like it, but Mother Nature is not as careful as we think it is when you are alone, in the middle of nowhere without food, fire or water.
Survival in the desert is a lesson that must be thought and learned before leaving home. You need to learn to cope with only what you have on your survival equipment until rescue teams find you or you reach civilization. You must learn how to find shelter during the night, how to point out your position and ask for help in using light and sound, how to make sure that the water you drink is pure and how to find food.
All these are of utmost importance because the human body is not equipped to live abroad for a long period of time. We need shelter and fire to keep warm and protect us from wild animals and natural elements.
Ask yourself how you would react if (against your will) you were lost in a large wooded area with wild animals (wolves, bears, bears, rabbits, squirrels). All you have is your backpack with some supplies and you need to find the exit. The first questions you should ask are these:
- Do you know how to build a shelter with what you have around you?
- Do you know how to light a fire without matches?
- Do you know how to look for food and how to purify water?
- Can you survive without your survival equipment?
Sometimes the worst happens and you separate yourself from your backpack and your survival equipment, and you have to manage life only by using your brain and your body. Is your knowledge rich enough to come out alive and safe?
If these questions make you feel uncomfortable and only the idea of being alone in the forest causes you to suffer a panic attack, we suggest you read the following. We collect valuable information about survival in the wild, with and without an outdoor survival kit, to make sure our readers will come out of any survival situation.
How to make a fire?
When you know how to make a fire under any circumstance, you already have some important advantages at your side:
- You can heat or bake food
- You have the opportunity to keep your body temperature stable
- you can keep dry
- the fire keeps wild animals away
- you can ask for help using smoke
Being able to keep your body temperature within the standard limits is one of the most important things you should worry about when you are in nature.
Normally you have to worry about the cold and the humidity during the night. If it’s summer, during the day you’ll get enough heat from the sun, but during the night it’s hard to resist without a fire. It is a thousand times more important to know how to make a fire during the winter, when you can die frozen (day or night).
Making fire when you have your survival equipment.
If you have your survival team, you are already in a better place. You must have matches and firewalls there, so all you have to do to make a fire is to gather forests. Try to find those that are dry from the sun or old so you can light the fire easily. Wet woods will make a lot of smoke that you can use to warn rescue teams, but a flame will be more useful to keep you warm.
Do not forget to put out the fire when you go to sleep and make sure you are not near the trees. You want to keep warm, do not light all the burning wood.
Fire when you do not have a survival team
In what world would you be trapped in the desert without at least one lighter in you? If Hollywood showed us something important is that situations that we consider impossible occur. What happens if your plane crashes in the Amazon forest and you are the only survivor? You will survive because you manage to jump off the plane before everything goes deep into the forest, far, far away. So you’re alone in a big forest, there are things hanging around you in the shadows and you’re in your holiday suit. Now things get a little more complicated.
However, there is no need to panic if you paid attention when you learned about survival in nature.
There are several proven methods to make a fire without any source of firework, but the easiest is the arc drill. For this you will need:
- a spindle Made of a strong stick, dry bone
- a fireboard where to place the shaft made from a trunk that split or an old table
- a socket which can be a rock or another piece of wood; use it to keep the shaft in place at the end that is not fixed in the fire table
- an arch – to make the bow you will need a slightly curved stick and a rope (usually paracord, but if you do not have it you can use laces, a piece of clothing, anything strong enough to resist friction)
- dry material You can find around (very dry grass, dried leaves, hay, paper, bark, etc.)
- a professional knife (You can even find one that already has a socket)
Now that you have managed to gather everything, you need to start working on your fire. You never thought that making a fire is such a problem, right?
First, make the bow; it must be about the length of your arm. Put the rope on the stick and go. Once the arch is made, take care of the fire board. Make a notch with your knife and a V-shaped notch, right next to it. Put your dry material just below the notch.
The next step is to make a loop with the bow string and pass the spindle through it. Then, place one end of the shaft on the fireboard and apply pressure on the other using the socket. Now the fun begins: start cutting. Using the bowstring, rotate the shaft to create friction between the shaft tip and the fireboard.
The movement must be fast enough so you can create an ember. Put the ember on the dry material and blow it until it catches fire. There you go! You have managed to create fire!
If you need more explanations about the method of archery bow, here is a very good video tutorial on how to make fire in the desert..
If you have glasses or some kind of glasses, you are lucky! You can use the sun to make your first fire in the desert. Gather a pile of dry leaves and grass and try to concentrate a ray of sunlight on the pile. After a while, the dried material will catch fire. You can do the same with ice if you have something out there. Use a piece of ice because you would use lenses to concentrate the sunlight.
How to make a shelter.
Survival in the desert is not only about the survival of the fittest, but also about the survival of the one who possesses the correct knowledge. Therefore, if you are a small person, with normal muscle development and resistance to above average effort, you can still get out of a bad situation alive if you know what to do and how to do it. Let’s say you managed to make a good fire and now you’re ready and ready for more. You will need a shelter.
Depending on the area you are in, you may find some caves that could be a good refuge idea, but first make sure that no one else is there. During the winter, bears like to use caves as their homes, so make sure you do not wake anybody up.
Making a shelter when you have your survival kit.
If you are a survival expert or a good apprentice, you will know that your survival kit in nature must have at least one tarp and some rope. Using these you can improvise a good shelter by tying the rope to the trees and placing the canvas on top. You can use some sturdy branches to make the shelter more comfortable. It is easy, simple and can become cozy if you have something more like a sleeping bag and a mattress to use as insulation between your body and the ground.
Making a shelter when you do not have your survival kit
How about when you do not have a canvas or rope? This is another basic survival lesson in the desert that every adventurer should know. You never know when such knowledge is needed. Let’s see what you need to know to become a good refuge in the desert using only what you have around you.
- The first thing you need Consider is the place. You must choose a place with a large amount of construction material (sticks, leaves, debris and moss). Make sure you put your shelter in a fairly flat area so you can sleep inside. Another thing you should check before starting are the insects. You do not want to wake up under an attack of insects.
- Do not make it too big. The main temptation (and error) is to make it great if you have enough material. Remember, you are not building a house; you’re just trying to protect yourself from the elements. You only need space large enough to fit inside your body. If it is too big, then you will cool down because the heat of your body will dissipate faster.
- Make the frame with a few large and strong branches. You need the structure of your shelter to be robust. Otherwise, it could fall on you with the first gust of wind. Make sure the frame is fixed in place and try to secure it with ropes and / or strong grass ropes.
- There are two types of wild refuges: The lean-to style and the style of the hut.. The most common use of adventurers is the first type, but you can build the one you like the most.
- Cover the frame with what you find around: leaves, sticks, grass, moss, ferns, pine needles, etc. You can also use bark and even dirt to make sure your shelter is adequately insulated from the rain. Do not forget to use the same insulation inside the shelter as well. You will need to be isolated from the ground when you sleep.
- To keep you warm, you can: make fire inside your refuge Or simply use the heat of your body. If you decide to start a fire inside, be careful not to burn all your work.
If there is no time and you need to improvise a quick refuge, before the night falls, you can look for a hole in the bottom of a big old tree. Usually, its roots form holes large enough to fit an adult man. If he manages to gather leaves and moss, he will also be a little comfortable and will stay warm. Make sure you are protected from the wind.
How to find food and water.
Food and water are usually quite easy to find in the forest. There are always plants, berries and mushrooms during the summer and you can hunt small animals if you want additional proteins. It is always desirable to have your water purification tablets and your professional knife when you get lost in the desert, but you can also manage without them.
In general, water abounds in forests and it is better if you make your shelter near a watercourse. Look for a natural spring, if possible, the water here should be pure. If you are not sure of the quality of the water and do not carry any tablets, try boiling (if you can improvise some kind of fireproof container).
A very important aspect when you feed on what you find in the forest is to make sure you know what you are eating. Many plants, fruits and mushrooms are toxic to the human body and even think that they will not kill you, they can make you feel very sick.
Things you can eat:
- Edible plants Like nettles, asparagus, clovers, dandelion, and more. If you do not find anything you know, you can test if a plant is toxic by ingesting small amounts at the beginning. If a small amount makes you sick, do not consider eating the rest.
- Edible berries Like the blue berry, the raspberry, the strawberry and others. The wild species are smaller and their flavor is more intense, but you will definitely recognize them.
- Eggs of birds.
- Small animals that you can catch using traps.
- Edible insects – We all know that insects are pure proteins and that they are very good for our diet.
- Fish – If you are lucky enough to be near a stream of water with fish, you can improvise a fishing gear and enjoy a barbecue roasted in pine branches. This is actually a luxury food for someone lost in nature.
The final conclusion is that survival in nature is possible both for experienced outdoors and for those in the normal city. All you need are some items and some basic survival skills and knowledge. The main thing that will help your chances of survival when you realize that you are lost and only in the middle of nowhere is to remain calm and evaluate the situation.
Try to stay warm and well fed and be very careful with anything that happens around you. Also, try to send signals using your emergency whistle, emergency mirror or smoke. Someone out there is looking for you and eventually they will find you.
As we know how important it is to see how something is done, we found a very good video tutorial on how to build a refuge in the desert.
Survival in the desert is a skill you achieve after practicing, so try to learn as much as you can each time you leave camp. The next time you go on an outdoor adventure with your friends, build a shelter instead of making your tent. Or try to make fire without matches or any other source of fire made by man. This is the only way you can learn and make sure you have the ability to survive in the desert.