Spend time in the forest can be a very relaxing activity, especially when it comes to recreational purposes. These days it is extremely popular among people to spend time there, camping in the forest, either alone or with family and friends. There is nothing wrong with that, of course, but there are some risks. There are unexpected situations like getting lost, so you need to know some basic ideas on how to handle that. We will go into more details as we talk about how to survive in the forest.
Many of these tips include how to prepare in advance, what to do if you are lost, what not to do; how to find food and water and how to send signals about its location. Of course, the first step (preparation) would be vital, and if you do not prepare for the unexpected, then you are in real trouble. We have compiled steps and tips to help you through this process.
Basic tips to survive in the wild.
First, before officially admitting that you are lost, try Go back on your steps. Find out if you can recognize items or objects left behind and try to return. This should be your first step. And do not be scared. This can only confuse you even more and you will completely lose the clues left and the chances of finding your way back will be lost. So, keep calm and try to think rationally.
Be very focused about your whereabouts. While walking (and you’re not lost) it’s a good habit to try to pay attention to details; Turn around several times and try to memorize the area. It will not take more than several minutes, but do it regularly. This technique can help you find your way back in case you get lost.
If you are absolutely sure that you are lost, there are some steps you should follow, learn some techniques and, as mentioned above, stay calm.
Your first and very important step is to find. Water. It is of vital importance, since you can build a shelter near the water source and even set some traps, this can provide you with food. A good tip to help you find water: look for birds and if they fly nearby. Birds and other animals remain near water sources.
Another thing that can help you is to look for animal tracks, since there are some established trails. Be careful not to get to the den of any animal. Searching trails is just a suggestion to find water sources. Search for birds and trails. Both in combination are more reliable.
If you find a water source, it can be a river, stream or lake. Always remember to boil the water before drinking it. If you have a filter or a purification system, this may be even better. Therefore, we recommend that you carry a filtering / purification system. But if you do not have a system of this type, boil the water at least 3-4 minutes. In the best case, boil it 10 minutes. If you are at high altitudes (and you stay in the forest) it boils for more than 10 minutes. This is due to the lower atmospheric pressure, so the water boils more slowly.
If there is absolutely no water source around you (and you do not dare to look too far as you can lose too much energy and dehydrate quickly), try to accumulate rain or dew water. If you do, you do not have to boil water, but do so in case you use dirty pots or pans.
Although you do not have to wait for it to rain. Since you are in a forest, there is a lot of humidity in the air. This would also mean that you can use foliage to make your own solar water still. To make one, you first have to dig a hole. Make sure it is deep, so that you can place a container or a pot in its center, and the opening of the set is much higher than the containers. Place inside a pile of leaves and foliage. Cover the entire opening of the assembly with a plastic sheet.
To keep it stable, place heavy rocks in each of the corners of the sheet. And make sure the blade is slightly loose (not fully stretched). Finally, place a smaller rock or stone in the plastic sheet, just above the container / pot. Over time, the water will begin to evaporate inside the hole, thanks to the effects of greenhouse effect. The steam will condense inside the plastic sheet and begin to drip where the small stone is placed. The water will be completely clean (distilled) and ready to drink, if your pots are also clean.
Next you need to find a place to coat. We strongly recommend that you carry at least one canvas with you, as it has multiple uses and is very practical and lightweight. It can save your life protect yourself from torrential rain or heavy snow. Without a tarp or shelter you will not be able to survive for a long time completely exposed to the elements. Learn to build shelters using a tarp. Practice before hiking in the forest, so you can be prepared.
If after all, forget to carry a tarp in your backpack, you can try to build your shelter with tools, branches, foliage, etc. I find in the forest. This may require you to have many more skills to build that shelter, so take a canvas (or skip the hardest part) or learn to make a primitive shelter in advance. A very easy one is the and # 8216; type of refuge “inclined”. It can be done with a canvas or simply with several branches and foliage.
If you do not have tarpaulin, do the following. Find a long, thick branch. Support it against a tree, at a 45 degree angle. Place smaller branches on either side. It should look like a spine with a rib cage. Then place foliage, large leaves and thinner branches. Try to cover everything and # 8216; rib cage ‘.
Of course, if you do not have the skills to build shelters, you can even trust what nature offers you: caves. This can be much more dangerous, so be prepared. It is possible that there are already occupants in the cave in front of bears, wild cats, snakes, etc. Animals also depend on any type of cave or hole in the ground to survive, so it is possible that they have already discovered them before you.
When you have established your refuge, you need make fire. It will provide you with warmth and it will be your and # 8216; kitchen ‘. You can cook food and boil water. If you have run out of food supply, you will have to capture your own food. This may require you to know how to cheat or catch fish. There are many tutorials on the web that show how to do any of these. It is a very useful skill to learn before hiking.
There are some useful methods to start a fire (if you do not have a lighter on hand). You can use a mirror to light some woods and twigs. Or you can build a fire plow. You will need a piece of soft wood, in which you must make a slot. Place wood and twigs in it and use a thinner branch to move it up and down, so it creates friction. Make sure the wood and twigs are dry. Even a little moisture can prevent the fire from catching. However, when it does, place more twigs to help the fire grow.
Remember, the material you use should be dead branches and dead branches; It can be anything, as long as it is dead. You should also keep a small fire because it is more manageable. Large fires require more fuel and are more difficult to maintain, especially if you do not have much experience. Also, start a campfire away from dead trees or shrubs, or near any foliage or leaves. If conditions permit (warm and windy weather), by mistake you can start a forest fire.
How to increase your chances of survival
We have to add some very useful tips to survive in the forest. The above steps are absolutely necessary for survival, and should be done. Along with these you need to know some more things.
You must tell someone where you are going. Never make the mistake in the movie and # 8216; 127 ‘. If you are lost, your main hope is that a friend or family member knows that you have gone on a field trip. Let them know exactly what you plan to do and where you will go. In this way, if you are lost, your rescuers will have a rough idea of where to look for it. That is why you also need to know some signaling signs such as fire signal, flashlight, whistle or shouting. You can also use the trees and place some marks on them.
It is very important that you bring a map, a compass, a GPS system or a smartphone. Any of these can be of great help to you, if nobody knows your whereabouts. First, learn to use a map and a compass. If your GPS or smartphone batteries are exhausted, you will have to use the traditional way of reading the map.
Nor should you move much. It will be easier for the rescue team to find you. Of course, you can explore the area you are in, get to know it better. If you are sure that nobody will come for you, you will have to leave the forest. If you have found a sequence, your best option is simply to walk through it. Hopefully it will take you to civilization or to a larger body of water. Also, as you will leave at your own pace, always travel by day and when the darkness falls, make a shelter and rest throughout the night.
Another thing you should keep in mind is that if you are wandering through a forest, you must also be prepared to find animals. Usually, those would be some bears or wild cats (maybe even wolves). Prepare by carrying a knife by hand. If you forgot to take one, try to make yours by using some branches of the forest and make an improvised spear, using sharp stones. Of course, do not actively participate in a fight. Always avoid fighting until there is no way out of that.
If you come face to face with a bear, speak in a low voice, extend your hands to make it look bigger (you take up space for the bear to feel intimidated) and walk slowly. Do not run, since the bear’s instincts are to run after the prey (and catch it). The bears are very fast and you will have little or no chance of overcoming them. Therefore, avoid close contact with animals and do not be the first to attack.
If you meet a grizzly bear, play dead. They will not be interested in you, if they think you’re dead. Leave the area only when you are sure that the bear is out of sight. If it is a black bear, you will have to fight with everything you have at hand. The tricks will not do you any good. Or withdraw slowly from the fight if it attacks you immediately.
Other animals that you have to be careful about are insects and small reptiles. Due to their size, they can get into your clothes and sleeves, so keep them well tucked in and avoid keeping your skin exposed.
Also be very careful with what you eat. If you are out of your own food, you will have to trust what the forest provides. It can be small animals or plants. The latter can be poisonous unfortunately. Unless you are familiar with the world of plants, you should avoid eating something. If you are completely sure that what you are seeing are blueberries, eat them. There are white berries that are poisonous.
Also keep in mind that brightly colored fruits (yellow, white, red) can be poisonous (red, sometimes they can be edible, but it is a risk if you are not sure). The dark blue and purple fruits are mostly edible. Mushrooms are also a no-go, unless you know what you are doing. It is better that you learn to cheat and catch some wild rabbits or other small forest animals.
If you plan to take a walk in the forest for some time, we recommend that you read in advance what plants and species grow in that area. Learn about what plants, mushrooms and fruits are edible and which are not. This can also be a good idea, even if you are not lost.
Four safe foods that we can mention here are oak, acorn, pine, totora and grass. The acorns are easy to find and store. The pine nuts and the inner bark are also edible. To give a little flavor to the water, you can boil some pine needles. Add sweetness to the water. As much as it surprises you, the hives are quite edible. All its parts can be put to use. And, finally, the herb: it can be thick to chew, but it has carbohydrates and starch.
Last but not least, maintain a certain level of hygiene. If you are in the forest for some time and you have no idea when you will be saved (or you will find your way home), you will have to attend to your personal hygiene needs. The dental plaque can cause inflammation, pain and bleeding of the gums, which can be very annoying and can provide a fertile ground of germs and bacteria.
Also, keep your body clean, especially areas such as underarms, private parts, between the toes, skin folds. This is because the bacteria accumulate and can cause rashes, allergies, inflammations, and all this can lead to disease.
A final and very important advice is to learn how to perform first aid. If you have prepared a first aid kit, it would be ideal. Make your own manual at home on how to use it and in what situation to use what item. It can be more challenging to perform first aid techniques without any element at hand. This may be difficult for you, but if you are alone in the forest, you will need to know how to treat your own burns, fractures and cuts. These three are the most basic injuries you would probably face, if any.
And do not forget to scream and try to get attention. Plan a routine to scream, whistle, or use a flashlight during the night. Also, do not forget that the fire you have built can also attract the attention of the rescue team.
As long as you are aware of these survival techniques and methods, you have a good chance of finding your way back home. You should know that the forest provides the means for survival, you just need to know how to use them. Know your area; Leave marks on the trees wherever you go; plan your food and water well (find the source of water or use solar water yet); stay away from animals as much as possible, keep a low profile and catch only small animals (use the trap or hooks); When you are on the trail, use signs to help people locate you (if no one knows where you are).
If your friend (s) or relative (s) have already alerted the rescuers of your whereabouts (and you are aware that they are looking for it), then stay. Do not forget the pocket knife, it is a great helper wherever you go in the desert.
CAMPING AND Hiking