Winter fishing in terms of survival puts an order of magnitude more problems for the fisherman than summer fishing. It’s usually necessary to start any winter fishing with drilling holes.
Winter fishing during survival in emergency conditions, search for bait, fishing in winter.
In the absence of special ice drills and ice axes, the task of drilling and punching holes is almost impossible. Picking up monolithic ice with knives or nail files accidentally on hand, as well as trying to melt using hot stones or your own body, this is a hopeless task.
, catch by force or just scoop with your hands. In unlimited quantities. With enough oxygen, the fish will have to be caught. Hence, the second problem for the fisherman in winter is the search for bait.
Search for bait for fishing in winter.
The easiest way to try to make homemade bait. But if there is no bite, you have to look for the natural. You can find insects waiting for winter under the bark of a tree, in rotten trunks. It’s just to tear off the bark and crush the wood in the winter is much more difficult than in the summer. Various larvae are found in thickenings on the stems of herbaceous plants. For example, the larva of a burdock butterfly can be removed from the middle of the stem or cone of a burdock. You can find it by a specific crack or bend, similar to a fracture. Wintering stems of tatarnar, wormwood and some other herbaceous plants are not empty.
Better yet, try to get hold of aquatic insects. If the river is not deep in the place where winter fishing is planned and the hole is melted, it is necessary to scoop up silt from the bottom with the help of an improvised net and sow all possible living creatures from it. Or pick up and inspect the algae. Or gather Mormysh small yellowish-green crustacean amphipod. In summer, he hides under stones, snags, leaves of aquatic plants. In winter, due to a lack of oxygen in the water, it rises to the ice and often dotes its entire lower side. You can get it by improvised curved scrapers connected to a box or bags.
A scraper dragged along the ice rakes the crustaceans into a container. A small amount of mormysh can be obtained by lowering a bundle of straw or several spruce paws under the ice. Crustaceans find shelter in them and with them go upstairs by a fisherman. An artificial bloodworm can be made from a red balloon by cutting it into small strips and putting these strips two or three on a hook.
Winter fishing with the help of a top, nets, unauthorized gear.
In large ravines, you can try to install the tops. They must be woven from branches that were previously well warmed over the fire. Frozen branches will simply break. The simplest unauthorized winter tackle designed for catching large fish is a pole laid on the edges of a hole with a cross bar nailed to it.
A fishing line with a hook and bait is tied to the lower end of the guard-rail, lowered into the water, to the upper signal flag. A biting fish tugs at the fishing line and raises the far end of the plank with a flag, which signals a bite. Smaller fish can be caught on various modifications of tyrants, circles, and the like. In winter, nets are set across the river in a large wormwood or straightened through several small holes.
Based on the book The Great Encyclopedia of Survival in Extreme Situations.