In the North, sledges with rigid fastening of runners with a cargo area and knitted sledges are often used for movement. They make heavy, high-strength sledges for transporting beams and large loads, as well as cars. For hunters, light, knitted Yakut sledges weighing up to 25 kilograms are most suitable. Designed for shipping up to 200 kilograms. Skids of such sledges are made from straight trunks of spruce or birch trees 280 cm long, at least 10 cm thick in the middle.
Yakut sledges, device, dimensions, manufacturing and use when traveling on ice, compacted snow, spring and autumn.
Before felling a tree on its trunk, the north side is necessarily marked. Subsequently, the base of the runner is cut from a 1.5-meter butt part of the trunk, with a trapezoidal cross-section and so that the lower sliding surface is necessarily the south side. The remaining 1.3 meters the top of the trunk is squeezed from the north side to a plane 3 cm thick, and by the end – 2 cm.
Having steamed such a planed end in a Russian stove or in a hot ash from a fire, this front part of the runner is bent to the north side, on which the annual rings are narrower, and fixed for drying. If you do not adhere to this rule, then the skids bent to the south or any other side can break. Or they will deviate to the side when drying.
Yakut sledges, appearance and basic dimensions.
In each runner, 40 cm back from the heel, and then after 45 cm, three longitudinal grooves of 5 cm long, 2 cm wide and depth are cut out with a chisel. They insert spikes of lances – wooden racks 42 cm high and are pulled tightly with straps to to runners. A solid thickening is made in the middle part of each hoof with a hole of at least 3 cm in diameter. The hewn ends of the ligature are inserted into it – poles 90 cm long and 5 cm thick.
Thin boards or a sheet of dict (thick plywood) and lances are laid on them. Top and bottom in pairs under the planks they are tightly tied with straps. So runners are connected to the Yakut sleds. Long handrails are tied to the upper heads of the spears by belts, to the back pair of spears – to the back, and in front of the sled ram – a long pole 4–5 cm thick curved by an arc.
Thanks to the temporary fastening of hoofs with runners and the soft connection of other parts between themselves, the sledges achieve good cushioning of lateral, longitudinal and vertical shocks. And the ram in the front part takes sledges away from the bushes and protects against frontal impacts against bumps and wells. Therefore, for hunters, the Yakut sleds are suitable not only for traveling along the plain, but also for rough terrain with shrubs and forest coppices..
When traveling on ice, compacted snow, and also in spring and autumn, when you have to ride on frozen grass and land, it is recommended that Yakut sleds, namely sled runners, be lined with iron strips.
Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.